Medical & Health Sciences

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Medical & Health Sciences Research Papers/Topics

Effect of Knowledge of Aging on the Level of Aging Anxiety and Attitudes towards the Elderly: A Study among Early and Middle-Aged Adults in Nairobi, Kenya

Abstract: The world is facing an aging society and Kenya is not an exception to experience the growing number of aging population. It is necessary to be aware of how the society treats the elderly while regarding the youths as the most productive population. The society might not have provided adequate information on aging thus younger people have an insufficient understanding on the aging process and the elderly. Accordingly, they may wonder in uncertainty about themselves getting older. As...

Women in Cattle Rustling, Myth or Reality: A Case Study of Turkana and Borana of Isiolo County, Kenya

Abstract: Cattle rustling has been a big issue in the east Africa. It is an old-age problem of concern (Kaprom, 2013). It is one of the causes of insecurity, poverty and resource use conflicts amongst the pastoral communities. There has been a tremendous increase in the last two decades (McClelland, 2015). There is plenty of literature on cattle rustling. However, the role women play has not been adequately researched (ISSAT, 2011). The main aim of this study was to investigate if the role o...

The Relationship between Free Condoms Use among Sexually Experienced USIU-Africa Students and Condom Use Self-Efficacy

Abstract: Unsafe sexual behaviors increase the spread of sexually transmitted infections among college students. Self-efficacy involves showing trust in one's capability to implement a specific behavior. The objective of this study was to assess condom use self-efficacy among USIU-Africa heterosexual sexually experienced students. The study is a quantitative research that sought to discover how participants felt about Condom use, how they act or think about them. The study, an analytical cro...

The Role of African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) In Kenya’s Democratization Process: A Case Study of Kenya (2003-2017)

Abstract: African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) under New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) was established to promote democracy and good governance in Africa. World over Peer Review have been conducted on mutual trust and good faith as in the case of the European Union (EU) where it identifies main pathologies affecting the integrity of electoral process in member countries. In East Africa, peer review is carried out through the East African Protocol on Governance which puts emp...

Severity of Vicarious Trauma amongst Medical Workers at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the severity of vicarious trauma amongst medical workers at Kenyatta National Hospital. The objectives of the study were: to determine the severity of vicarious trauma among medical workers; to establish the relationship between vicarious trauma and socio-demographic factors of medical workers; to compare the incidences of vicarious trauma amongst medical workers; and to highlight the coping mechanisms of medical workers at Kenyatta Nation...

Relationship between Burnout and Emotional Intelligence among Healthcare Workers in Kenyatta National Hospital in Kenya

Abstract: Burnout refers to extreme exhaustion, depersonalization and diminished accomplishment. Burnout can cause clinical symptoms like hypertension, neurocognitive changes on the brain, and can affect relationship hence undermine client care. Emotional intelligence on the other hand, creates personal and social awareness, and improves relationships. The self-administered questionnaire containing Maslach Burnout Inventory and emotional intelligence self-assessment tool was disseminated amo...

Psychosocial Effects on Caregivers of Persons Living with Alzheimer’s Disease in Nairobi County, Kenya

Abstract: Alzheimer’s is a disease that has ravaged the population albeit silently. A major problem is that it requires close observation by care givers, yet there are very few that have trained in the profession leading to a stressful overload on the few caregivers. The purpose of this study was to determine the psychosocial effects of Alzheimer’s Disease on the caregivers in Nairobi County, Kenya. Specifically, it aimed to examine the effect of personal characteristics, determine the e...

The Influence of Media Violence on Children’s Aggressive Behavior in Selected Primary Schools in Westlands Constituency, Nairobi County, Kenya

Abstract: Media violence and the influence it has on the aggressive behavior of children has been a topic that has raised concern over a long period of time. Despite the numerous studies conducted, there still exists disagreements on the influence of media violence on aggressive behavior. The purpose of this study was to establish the influence that media violence has on children’s aggressive behavior in Westlands Constituency. This study adopted a correlational research design aimed at in...

Relationship between Self-Efficacy and Burnout among Secondary School Teachers in Gucha South Sub-County, Kisii

Abstract: Burnout affects workers’ wellbeing and health. It has physical, psychological and occupational consequences. Teachers, due to the nature of their work, are not an exception. Teachers’ beliefs in their ability to effectively handle the tasks, duties, responsibilities, obligations and challenges related to the profession are associated with burnout. Thus, the study sought to establish the relationship between Self Efficacy and Burnout among secondary school teachers in Gucha Sout...

Influence of the Amnesty Program for Terrorists’ Returnees on National Security: A Case Study of Mombasa County

Abstract: The amnesty program was initiated in 2015 by the Kenyan government as a tool for combating terrorism. The purpose of this study, therefore, is to assess the influence of the amnesty program for terrorists’ returnees on national security in Mombasa County. Specifically, the study aims: to assess the demobilization of terrorists’ returnees and its influence on national security; to evaluate the influence of the reintegration of terrorists’ returnees on national security; to inv...

A Descriptive Study of the Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors That Motivate the Kenyan Generation Y to Work

Abstract: The study had the overall goal of identifying the source of motivation for Kenyan millennials to work. Kenyan millennials are part of the youngest workforce similar to other global millennials yet there are few studies specifically looking at how to motivate them to engage and stay in the workplace. Specific objectives of this study were; to find out whether Kenyan millennials are intrinsically or extrinsically motivated; to establish the impact of an organization’s culture on th...

Correlation Between Mental Well-Being And Personality Traits Among Usiu-A Students

Abstract: The primary goal of this study was to investigate the association between personality traits and mental well-being of USIU-A students. In order to achieve this goal, the study formulated three specific objectives to guide the development of the study. The first objective was to assess the personality traits and mental well-being of USIU-A students. Secondly, to determine the association of personality traits and mental well-being of the participants. Lastly, to investigate the asso...

Relationship between Early Maladaptive Schemas and Academic Procrastination in South Korean High School Students: The Mediating Effects of Self-Efficacy

Abstract: Research shows that many students engage in procrastination. The purpose of this study was to examine the structural correlation between early maladaptive schemas and academic procrastination in high school students, with the mediating effects of self-efficacy. The research objectives established to pursue this study were to examine the correlation between early maladaptive schemas and academic procrastination; the correlation of self efficacy with early maladaptive schemas and aca...

The Relationship Between Social Support And Levels Of Occupational Stress And Burnout Among Members Of Kenya Union Of Journalists Nairobi

Abstract: The main objective of this study was to examine the prevalence and levels of occupational stress and burnout and establish whether these two are influenced by social support among the members of the Kenya Union of Journalists in Nairobi, Kenya. The study adopted a correlational research design and targeted an estimated population of 480 journalists who were active members of the Kenya Union of Journalists and working within Nairobi County, Kenya. The probability sampling design inv...

Relationship between Cyber Bullying and Self-Esteem among Youth in Tertiary Educational Institutions in Nairobi County, Kenya

Abstract: Self-esteem (SE) and cyber bullying (CB) are topics that have been studied extensively and their interaction has recently drawn the interest of researchers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between cyber bullying and self-esteem among youth in tertiary institutions in Nairobi County, Kenya. It focused on assessing the self-esteem levels among youth, exploring the various forms of cyber bullying among youth, determining the relationship between cyber bul...


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