Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

The Menace of Poliomyelitis in Northern Nigeria

Background The poliovirus belongs to the enterovirus family and has three serotypes: serotype 1, 2 and 3. In addition, the 3 serotypes do not have cross immunity (Shors 2011). Therefore, immunity against one serotype does not provide immunity against another (WHO 2014c). It is noteworthy that Nigeria has not recorded any incidence of serotype 3 for about one year although the other serotypes still exist in the country (National Primary Healthcare Development Agency-NPHDA 2013). In addi...

HOW DO TRADITIONAL BIRTH ATTENDANTS (TBAS) SUPPORT PREVENTION OF MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION (PMTCT) OF HIV IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA? A CRITICAL LITERATURE REVIEW

Background: This study is aimed at identifying sustainable and convenient ways that traditional birth attendants (TBAs) could support prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in Sub-Saharan Africa. Method: The study was conducted using a critical literature review methodology. Key words and their alternative terms were identified. A Boolean search was carried out using the keywords and their alternative terms in Global Health, PubMed and ...

Substance abuse and mental health effects among the youth: Implications for research

The aim of the study was to explore the mental health effects of substance abuse among the youth and to examine services put in place in helping mentally disturbed as a result of substance abuse. The study adopted a cross-sectional qualitative research approach. The data was collected through in-depth face to face interviews. Participants were sampled and divided into two sections: youth abusing substances and key informants. They were drawn using purposive and snowball sampling, and d...

MORINGA OLEIFERA SUPPLEMENTED DIET: MODULATION OF RAT PLASMA LIPID PROFILE AND OTHER BIOCHEMICAL INDICES - for merge

ABSTRACTBackground: The Moringa oleifera plant which is also known as miracle tree has been reported to have many medicinal uses with high nutritional values.  Objective: This study, evaluated the effect of M. oleifera leaves as food supplement in Wistar rats. Methods: Two experimental feeds A containing no M. Oleifera and B having 15 % M. oleifera were prepared and analyzed for proximate composition. Rats were assigned into two groups and sustained on either feed A or B for 21 days. 24hrs...

CHRONIC DISEASES CONCERN

Chronic diseases mean that they last a life time or for a long time. People suffering from diseases such as asthma, high blood pressure and diabetes feel stigmatized when they are referred to as disabled. Congestive heart failure and failure of organs is also classified as being chronic. To note, such kind of ailments lead to organs failure, thus lead to disability. Diseases such as asthma for instance make one not to spend life in the normal way; one has to avoid staying in the cold for too ...

Effect of EMR from Laptop on Reproductive Hormones, Sperm Quality and Prostate Specific Antigen of Male Albino Rats

ABSTRACTHumans in modern society are exposed to an ever-increasing number of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) generated from the production and supply of electricity, television sets, personal computer (PC), radio communication, and mobile communication, hence, it has become a public health issue.  This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) emitted from new generation laptop computers on sperm quality and reproductive hormone of male albino rats. Thi...

VAGINAL DELIVERY AFTER ONE PREVIOUS CAESAREAN SECTION: IS RADIOLOGICAL PELVIMETRY NECESSARY?

 ABSTRACT  Objective: To examine whether antepartum x-ray pelvimetry reliably predicts the likelihood of vaginal birth after one previous caesarean section (VBAC).Design: Retrospective study.Setting: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Nigeria.Population: Patients with one previous caesarean delivery without prior vaginal delivery who had x-ray pelvimetry done at term.Methods: Medical records of 207 patients with previous vaginal del...

Cobalt Report

Cobalt is one of the natural elements that happens to be found throughout the natural environment. This natural element is present in trace amounts in sols, plants, water and our diet. When cobalt is in its pure form it is a steel-grey to black shinny hard metal. Cobalt can also exit as cobalt II and cobalt III which forms a number of both organic and inorganic salts. Cobalt in small proportion is essential to good health. Cobalt is only found in the environment in chemically bonded form...

Performing a Safety Audit in the Workplace

ABSTRACTContinual improvement is an essential precondition for each safety audit system that seeks to reap lasting success in today’s rapidly evolving society. The best guarantee for a dynamic system of continuous improvement and constant flexibility is the full commitment of competent employees who grow with the overall organization because their efforts are systematically valorized and because they are given the opportunities to develop and regularly update their skills. Within the safety...

Safety Management Systems (Case study: Respiratory Protection Program (RPP) for Hospitals)

ABSTRACTA Safety Management System (SMS) is a systematic approach to managing safety, including the necessary organizational structures, accountabilities, policies, and procedures. Safety Management system is a comprehensive management system designed to manage safety elements in the workplace. It includes policy, objectives, plans, procedures, organization, responsibilities and other measures. The SMS is used in industries that manage significant safety risks, including aviation, petrole...

Research Method on Safety Issues (Field Work)

ABSTRACTThis paper is geared towards identifying the various research methods used to find out the safety issues in the workplaces. It details the safety issues, ways it is mitigated, eliminated or reduced in workplaces. This work increases awareness for the handling of safety issues. Chapter one familiarizes readers with concepts used in this study. Chapter two records details of common safety issues encountered in the workplace. The rest of the paper explains the best methods and reactions ...

Urinary Bladder Thickness, Tumor Antigen, and Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms in a Low Schistosoma haematobium‑Endemic Rural Community of Nigeria

Objective: Bladder tumor antigen (BTA) is a common biomarker for urothelial carcinoma while bladder wall thickening (BWT) is a sign of urinary bladder irritation which suggests cystitis or early-stage bladder cancer pathology, most especially in the absence of bladder outlet obstruction. The aim of this study was to find the incidence of urinary bladder thickness and evaluate the relationship between BTA and BWTin a low schistosomiasis-endemic Nigerian village. Materials and Methods: The stud...

West African soft cheese ‘wara’ processed with Calotropis procera and Carica papaya: A comparative assessment of nutritional values

The nutritional contents of Carica papaya and Calotropis procera processed cheeses were evaluated.The following nutrients and elements were assayed; fat, protein, moisture, sugar, Zn, Mn, Fe, and Cuand their values were 22.3 and 31.45%, 31.60 and 33.84%, 62.5 and 61.70%, 2.05 and 8.10%, 1.19 and4.14%, 2.80 and 2.35%, 4.8 and 4.7%, 4.6 and 7.3% for C. papaya and C. procera processed cheeses,respectively. The values obtained for fat, protein, sugar, Zn, and Cu were higher in C. proceraprocessed...

A Craniometric Study of Adult Humans Skulls from Southwestern Nigeria

Abstract: The study aims at determining the cranial indices of some skulls recovered from cadavers sourced from Southwestern regions of Nigeria, mainly populated by Yoruba ethnic tribe. The cranial indices of 85 human skulls were determined by measuring the maximum cranial length (mcl) and maximum cranial breadth (mcb) using Goniometre fitted with sliding calliper. The cranial index was determined by finding the percentage of the ratio mcb to mcl x100. The skulls were deemed from adult indivi...


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