Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

A Study To Assess The Atittude Of Healthcare Workers To Infection Prevention And Control In Kampala International University Teaching Hospital, Uganda

ABSTRACTIntroductionWith high prevalence of infectious diseases such as; HIV, HBV, HCV among others; especially insub-Saharan Africa, health workers find themselves at the brunt of acquiring these diseaseswhile they are working. In order to ensure safety within the auspice of their work, infectionprevention and control policies implementation as regards to accidental exposure to bloodborneviruses are therefore vital. Prevention of blood exposure, through safer practices, barrierprecautio...

Assessment Of Rational Prescribing In General Outpatient Department Of Kampala International University Teaching Hospital, Western Uganda

ABSTRACT. Prevention of irrational use of medicines may reduce healthcare costs and potentially save I ives. In line with World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation, a retrospective, cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out to obtain information on prescribing in the general outpatient department of Kampala International University Teaching Hospital in Ishaka-Bushenyi, Uganda. A sample of 884 prescriptions was selected by systematic random sampling using an interval of ...

Knowledge And Attitude Towards Female Genital Mutilation Among The Residents Of Eldas Division, Eldas District, Wajir County (Kenya)

AbstractThe objective of the study was to assess the perception of FGM among the residents of EldasDivision, Wajir County, Kenya.It was a cross-sectional study carried out in the study area and one hundred respondents wereinterviewed and the majority (38%) were in the age group between 16-20 years with 56%%married and the major religion being Islam.The study finding shows that 78% of the respondents have heard messages against FGM and that health workers are the least source of informatio...

Determining The Effects Of Small Scale Gold Mining On The Surrounding Community’s Welfare, The Case Study Of Mugusu Sub County, Geita District, Tanzania

ABSTRACT Artisanal and Small Scale Gold Mining is considered to be the most appropriate means of improving local communities’ livelihood. Particular emphasis was directed to the existing Mugusu small scale mining situated in Mugusu village in Geita district. The study focused on the operational practices of the existing gold mining, the pertaining problems and how various parties have resorted in addressing the emerged conflicts. The study was guided by four specific objectives namely...

Assessment Of The Health Outcomes Associated With Unsafe Abortion Among Teenagers In Kamuli Mission Hospital

ABSTRACT Abortion remains a major global health issue, approximately 44 million of the 210 million pregnancies that occur each year-end in induced abortion, and almost half of them(4.9%) are estimated to be unsafe. Unsafe abortion is highly prevalent in countries with restrictive abortion laws, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America. Comprehensive access to effective contraception and sex education are effective means of reducing induced abortion, and less restrictive comp...

Effects Of Poor Water Supply To The Community Of Kamuda Sub-County, Soroti District, Eastern Uganda

ABSTRACT This study was carried to investigate the effects of poor water supply to the community of Kamuda Sub-County, Soroti District, Eastern Uganda. Data was collected through the use of questionnaires accompanied by observation and questionnaires. The study involved a sample of 50 respondents; these were all involved in different activities at different levels. The study further revealed 40% access water through wells implying that it was the common source of water around, 15%...

Prevalence And Characterization Of Dyspepsia Among College Students Of Kampala International University Western Campus

ABSTRACT Introduction: Dyspepsia is relatively non-specific, and includes general abdominal discomfort, early satiety and bloating. Patients often ignore the condition and not present to clinic until more severe symptoms manifest, such as belching, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, and pain(Mahadvera , 2010). With a global prevalence of uninvestigated dyspepsia tending to be as low as 7% and as high as 45%.(Shaib ,2004). Methodology: This was a cross sectional study, which was exploratory an...

Awareness Attitude Beliefs And Practices Of Family Planning In Ishaka Division

AWARENESS, ATTITUDE, BELIEFS AND PRACTICES OF FAMILY PLANNING IN ISHAKA DIVISION. Family planning encompasses the different ways and methods people use to plan for their family size. It goes beyond birth control to refer to a variety of issues that influence their choice of family planning, including awareness, attitudes and beliefs towards family planning. The study was a descriptive cross-sectional survey, done to assess the awareness attitudes, beliefs and practices of family plannin...

Comparative Pharmacopoeial Analysis Of Three Brands Of Lidocaine 2°/O Injection Available In Uganda Pharmacies

ABSTRACTBackground: Lidocaine, is an important anesthetic and anti-arrhythmic drug, widely used in medicine,at the same time a danger. The impurity 2, 6-xylidine is the starting material for its manufacture,degradation product of lidocaine on storage and metabolite when administered. This study seeks toidentify 3 brands of lidocaine in Uganda Pharmacies, assess level of impurity and drug content by acomparative pharmacopoeial chemical analysis.Aim: To do a comparative pharmacopoeial ana...

Factors Contributing To The High Stress Level Among Undergraduate Medical Students Attending Kamapala International University - Western Campus

TABLE OF CONTENTSTable of ContentsDECLEARATION ................................................................................................................................................... 2DEDICATIONS ..................................................................................................................................................... 3ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ........................................................................................................................

Assessment Of The Quality Of Information Given To Patients Before Obtaining Informed Consent For Surgical Procedures At Kampala International University Teaching Hospital

ABSTRACTIntroduction - Informed consent is the process by which the health care provider disclosesappropriate information to a competent patient so that the patient can make a voluntary choice toaccept or refuse treatment (Appelbaum, 2007). . It is the fundamental mechanism whereby thephysician informs the patient about the options for the diagnosis and treatment of the patient'sillness (Bhurgri & Qidwai, 2004).The informed consent process should be seen as an invitationfor the patie...

Assessment Of Antibiotic Sensitivity Patterns Of Salmonella Typhimurium, Pseudomonas Aeru'ginosa, Klebsiella Pneumoniae Isolates From Barn Swallow Droppings In Ishaka Town, Bushenyi District,

ABSTRACT Introduction: It has been reported that the main factors behind the emergence of drug resistance is the use and misuse of antimicrobial drugs during the past few decades, but there is also the aspect of epidemic spread of drug-resistant bacteria as a factor. This has caused a major concern with serious implications in human and animal health. It's noted that as much as man's action contribute to the development of antimicrobial drug resistance, it is also seen with domestic ...

Assessment Of Knowledge, Attitude And Practice Of Emergency Contraception Among Female Students At Kampala International University-Western Campus

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate the general knowledge, attitude and practice of Emergency Contraception (EC) among female students at Kampala International University-Western Campus. METHOD: A questionnaire was constructed to assess knowledge, attitudes and practice of EC. There were 217 female students approached and each filled a questionnaire which was used to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of EC. RESULTS: 67% of the female students knew ...

Effects Of Quarrying On The Environment: A Case Study Of Tala, Machakos District, Kenya

ABSTRACT The study was conducted to establish the effects of quarrying on the environment using Tala, Machakos district as the case study in Kenya. Machakos district is found in the Eastern province of Kenya. It was intended to establish the extent to which quarrying has affected the environment in Tala. To examine what are the causes of quarrying and suggest the possible measures through which quarrying effects on the environment. Fifty (50) respondents were randomly selected and these...

Comparative Physicochemical, Phytochemical And Acute Toxicity Studies Of Ocimum Gratissimum And Ocimum Suave Species In Western Uganda

ABSTRACTOcimum gratissimum and Ocimum suave belong to the family lamiaceae. Folkore medicineclaims their use in many conditions.Leaves of 0 gratissimum and 0 suave were extracted in aqueous methanol by maceration,extract was filtered and evaporated using the rotary evaporator and dried to a constant weight inan oven. Phytochemical analysis was carried out to determine the active constituents andQuantification tests were carried out to obtain the amount of phytochmicals in each extract....


61 - 75 Of 4913 Results