Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Choice of Birthplace and Use of Birth Attendants Among Child Bearing Women in Akanu, Ohafia Local Government Area, Abia State Nigeria

ABSTRACT Birth place and birth attendants during delivery are crucial factors in reducing maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. This study investigated the choice of birthplace and use of birth attendants during delivery and also the factors influencing these choices among child bearing women in Akanu, Ohafia community of Abia State. The need for this study arose because women attend antenatal clinic during pregnancy but do not come to the health facility to deliver their babies; they...

Protective Role of Aqueous Leaf Extract of Vernonia Amygdalina Del. (Asteraceae) And Ocimum Gratissimum Linn (Lamiaceae) in Cyclophosphamide Induced Urotoxicity and Myelosuppression

ABSTRACT Cyclophosphamide (CP) is one of the most potent and widely used alkylating anticancer agents. Urotoxicity and myelosuppression is known as the most prevailing dose-limiting toxicity associated with CP. In the present study, the protective potential of Vernonia amygdalina and Ocimum gratissimum aqueous leaf extracts in CP-induced urotoxicity and myelosupression were evaluated using biochemical and histopathological approaches. Sodium -2-macarptoethane sulfonate (MESNA) was used as a p...

Semen Quality and Egg Hatchability in Local Turkey Fed Diets Containing Moringa Oleifera and Gongronema Latifolium Leaf Meal.

ABSTRACT The experiment was conducted to determine semen quality, fertility, egg hatchability and some biochemical parameters in Nigerian local turkey toms fed diets containing Moringa oleifera (MO), Gongronema latifolium (GL) leaf meals and their combinations. A total of 72 Nigerian local turkeys comprising of 54 males and 18 females were used for the study. The males were randomly divided into 9 treatment groups, each treatment was replicated 3 times with 2 toms per replicate. The treatment...

Assessment of Palliative Care Needs of HIV-Positive Clients in Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi, Anambra State

ABSTRACT 6 This descriptive study assessed the palliative care needs of HIV-positive clients in Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi, Anambra State. Identification of these needs, will help the health care-givers to plan on approach(es) that can be implemented to improve the quality of lives of the clients. Population of study was 4119 confirmed adult HIV-positive clients that were registered and access health services at NAUTH as of the time of the study. A sample of 387 clients...

Prevalence of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Among Adults in Orlu Local Government Area Imo State- Nigeria

ABSTRACT Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of worldwide preventable morbidity and mortality. Globally certain risk factors have been found to account for up to 90% of cardiovascular disease and a large percentage are preventable through the reduction of the modifiable risk factors. However it is reported that there are millions of people with undiagnosed cardiovascular disease risk factors who are not being managed to prevent the development of cardiovascular disease. A qualitative ...

Midwives’ and Mothers’ Perception of Midwives Service Scheme in Selected Area Councils in Federal Capital Territory, Abuja - Nigeria

ABSTRACT The importance of skilled birth attendants in the reduction of maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality worldwide cannot be over-emphasized. The midwives service scheme was established by the National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA) in collaboration with the Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria in 2009 to achieve reduction in maternal, newborn and under-five mortality in Nigeria, especially in rural communities. The purpose of the study was to determine how mo...

Factors Affecting Utilization of Public Health Facilities by Rural Dwellers in Abia State

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Utilization of public health services is an important factor in the effectiveness of national health care and achievement of Health for All. Nigeria’s population is predominantly rural and the health needs of rural areas are numerous. For one to be able to maintain a healthy state, the choice of health care facilities/services and predictors of the choice are important. An individual’s choice of health facilities for healthcare is largely determined by patient-related...

Attitude and Practice of Cervical Cancer Screening Among Female Health Workers in University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (Upth),Rivers State.

ABSTRACT The purpose of the study was to examine the attitude and practice of female health workers towards cervical cancer screening (CCS) in the university of Port Harcourt teaching hospital (UPTH), Rivers state. The descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. A sample size of 352 was used for the study. This sample size was approximately 40% of the target population. This sample was considered representative of the population with an accurate level of more than 97%. A self-structu...

Molecular Basis of Immunological Dysfunction in People Living with HIV and AIDS in Enugu, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Molecular basis of immunological dysfunction in people living with HIV and AIDS was studied among HIV-positive people attending clinics at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Ituku-Ozalla, Annunciation Specialist Hospital Emene, Mother of Christ Specialist Hospital and Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, all in Enugu metropolis. A total of 90 subjects recruited for the study were divided into three groups: 30 diagnostically positive HIV subjects (A), 30 HIV-positive sub...

Evaluation of Cervical Spondylosis Using 0.2 Tesla Axial T2 and Axial 3d Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of axial T2 and axial 3D FIESTA magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences in the evaluation of cervical spondylosis.The specific objectives were to: (i) compare the accuracy of axial T2 and axial 3D FIESTA MRI sequences in the diagnosis of cervical spondylosis, (ii) compare the quality of images (signal-tonoise ratio, contrast-to-noise ratio and artefact due to flow) produced from both sequences and (iii) ascertain the associatio...

Effect of Different Processing Methods On the Chemical Composition of African Yam Bean (Sphenostylis Stenocarpa) Flours and Organoleptic Characteristics of Their Gruels.

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to determine the effect of different processing methods on the chemical composition of African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa) flours and the organoleptic properties of it’s gruels. The seeds of cream coloured African yam bean (AYB) and lime were purchased from Oye Igbo-Eze and Ogige Nsukka markets, respectively in Enugu State, Nigeria. The seeds were sorted and divided into 4 equal portions of 1.5kg each. One portion was washed and fermented in tap wat...

Effects of Heavy Metals on the Air Pollution Tolerance Indices ( Apti ) of Five Medicinal Plants Growing Within Quarry Site in Ishi-Agu, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT Effects of heavy metals on the Air Pollution Tolerance Indices (APTI) of five medicinal plants growing within quarry site in Ishi-Agu, Ebonyi State, Nigeria were studied. Following laboratory analysis of the leaves of the plants for metal load and four biochemical parameters of APTI computation. The metal load was determined by the Atomic Absorption spectrophotometric method, while the ascorbic acid was determined by the titremetric method, leaf extract pH by the electro-chemical tec...

Nursing Students’ Perceptions and Attitudes Towards Continuous Assessment as Means of Academic Evaluation in University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus.

ABSTRACT The study investigated nursing students’ perceptions and attitudes towards continuous assessment as means of academic evaluation in University of Nigeria, Enugu campus. The subjects for this study were all the 454 undergraduate nursing students of the Department of Nursing Sciences University of Nigeria, Enugu campus. Six research objectives and five hypotheses guided the study. Cross- sectional descriptive design was adopted for this study. A face and content validated structured ...

Analysis of Heavy Metals in Pleurotus Tuberregium Sclerotia,Toxicity in Blood, Bone Marrow and Some Selected Organs of Albino Rats

ABSTRACT Pleurotus tuberregium is a common mushroom which is used as food or medicine, more commonly as a vegetable soup thickener. This study investigated the presence of heavy metals in wild samples of pleurotus tuberregium sclerotia consumed within our localities, compared the degree of heavy metal contamination of the samples, investigated the presence of heavy metals in the serum of albino rats due to its consumption and the effects of its consumption on blood, bone marrow, liver and kid...

Potential for the Prediction of Prostate Cancer Risk Using Haplotypes in Exon 5 of Klk2 Gene

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most common neoplasia of middle aged men .Early detection is problematic due to the lack of marker that has high sensitivity and specificity. Our aim was to genetically predict the possibility of developing prostate cancer using haplotypes in exon 5 of kLk2 gene. We evaluated polymorphisms in human glandular kallikreins 2 (KLK2) genes because a protein product of this gene is known to be increased in prostate cancer. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Blood samp...


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