Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Overview of Treatment Failure of Streptococcus Pneumonia amongst Children in four different Southern African Countries

Abstract:Although avertable and treatable, pneumonia is still one of the top five causes of mortality in the developing world especially in Southern Africa. One major challenge being faced globally today in the field of public health is the pneumococcal resistance to antibiotics both in infants and adults. The purpose of this review was to compare rates and causes of treatment failure in South Africa, Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique. Articles used for this review were searched for in ...

MOLECULAR EVALUATION OF THE ANTI DIABETIC EFFECT OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF SACCHARUM OFFICINARUM STEM BARK(SUGAR CANE) IN WISTAR RAT

ABSTRACTAim: To evaluate the anti-diabetic effect of aqueous extract of Saccharum officinarum (stem bark) in the genomic DNA of diabetic Wistar rats.Methodology: 15 Streptozotocin-induced diabetic male rats and five non diabetic rats were randomly and evenly distributed into four groups, and were subsequently exposed to the following treatments for 14 days: Group I (Control): Distilled water (1ml/kg B.W); Group II: Normal saline (1ml/kg B.W); Group III: treated Diabetic rats (Metformin) (500m...

An Investigation on the Distribution of Mosquito Species in Guyuk L.G.A of Adamawa State

Mosquitoes are vectors of parasites causing diseases and are distributed in various ecological niches. This research work was set to determine the distribution and relative abundance of mosquito larvae in Guyuk Local Government Area of Adamawa State within the months of August 2014 and January 2015. Banjiram, Guyuk, Bobini and Chikila districts were surveyed using standard entomological procedures. Dipping Method was used in collecting larval samples from the field and reared to adult in inse...

Qualitative and Quantitative Screening of Phytochemical Analysis of Spondias mombin (Linn.) Extracts (Root, Leaf and Stem Bark), A Useful Formulation in Drug Discovery

The objective of this is to determine the qualitative and quantitative screening of phytochemicalanalysis of Spondias mombin (Linn) extracts (root, leaf, and stem bark) using different extraction solvent. The root, leaf, and stem bark of Spondias mombin plant were harvested early in the morning into a polythene bag at Oja Oba market, IkareAkoko, Ondo State, a tropical rainforest of Nigeria with latitude (7.21692 North) and longitude (5.21561 East). The Spondias mombin. Powdered plant materia...

Prevalence of Cryptosporidium Species in HIV Positive and Negative Patients Attending Hong General Hospital and Michika General Hospital, Adamawa State, Nigeria.

The study was carried out to determine the Prevalence of Cryptosporidium species in HIV Positive and Negative Patients Attending Hong General Hospital and Michika General Hospital Adamawa State, Nigeria. A total of 647 stool and blood samples were collected, 346 from Hong and 301 from Michika from both HIV positive and negative patients. The stool samples were examined for Oocysts using modified ZielhNeelson Acid Fast Stain and the blood samples for HIV confirmation test and CD4+cells count. ...

WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY 2018: BEAT PLASTIC POLLUTION

INTRODUCTION The  World  Environment  Day  is  a  day  set  aside  by  the  United  Nations  (UN)  set  aside  to encourage  worldwide  awareness  and  develop  actions/solutions  to  some  of  the  important global  environmental  issues  we  face.  It  is  celebrated  in  over  a  100  countries  and  has  been  a pivotal  platform  for  public  environmental  outreach  since  1974.  The  theme  of  this  year’s event  is  “BEAT  ...

GROUNDWATER REGULATION: A COMPARISON OF UNITED KINGDOM REGULATED PRACTICE TO UNREGULATED PRACTICE IN NIGERIA

This dissertation work examines the groundwater regulation in relation to regulated practice in United Kingdom and unregulated practice in Nigeria. The work looked at various regulations available for groundwater management, the institution that is responsible for its management, the land use practice, and its effect in order to find out   whether the practice is been controlled in any of the countries. The work recommended what Nigeria government can adopt from United Kingdom regulat...

HISTOPATHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF JOINT DESTRUCTION IN RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS (RA)

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects joints. It typically results in warm, swollen, and painful joints. Most commonly, the wrist and hands are involved, with the same joints typically involved on both sides of the body. The disease may also affect other parts of the body. This may result in a low red blood cell count, inflammation around the lungs, and inflammation around the heart. Fever and low energy may also be present whose symptoms c...

HEALTH BENEFITS OF MORINGA

Moringa is a plant that is native to the Sub-Himalaya areas of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan. It is also grown in the tropics. The leaves, bark, flowers, seeds and roots are used to make medicine. Moringa can be added to drinks and foods. Moringa Oleifera is a rich source of vitamins, mineral and amino acids. Moringa is identified to have several health benefits; it improves cardiovascular health, supports brain health and improves overall body health and wellbeing. Moring...

PERCEPTION OF ACADEMIC STAFF(MALE LECTURERS) AT THE SCHOOL OF PHYSICAL SCIENCES UNIVERSITY OF CAPE COAST GHANA ON VOLUNTARY MASTECTOMY AMONG FEMALES

ABSTRACTThis study aimed at assessing the perception of academic staff (males) on voluntary mastectomy as a preventive measure for breast cancer. Voluntary mastectomy is considered as an option for women who are at high risk for developing breast cancer. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted by administering questionnaires to 77 academic staff (males) of School of Physical Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Ghana.This study revealed that men’s knowledge on breast cancer...

Hypoglycemic and Antioxidant Potentials of Aqueous Extract of Eucalyptus Globulus in Experimentally-Induced Diabetic Rats

AbstractBackground: Evaluation of the medicinal uses of plants remains a growing field of research. This study investigated the effects of Eucalyptus globules on alloxan -induced diabetic rats.Materials and Methods: Thirty male albino rats were randomized into 5 groups (n=6).Group A served as the control and was maintained on standard rat chow and water ad’libitum. Diabetes was induced in Group C, D and E animals by intraperitoneal administration of alloxan monohydrate (150 mg/kg).Groups B ...

Gonadal and Extragonadal Sperm Reserves of Yankasa Rams Experimentally Infected with Fasciola gigantica in Zaria, Nigeria

dth: 0px; "> Gonadal and extragonadal sperm reserves of 12 Yankasa rams aged 18-24 months, were determined following experimental Fasciola gigantica infection over a 12 week study period. Seven out of the 12 rams serving as the infected group were orally inoculated with 800 Fasciola gigantica metacercariae while the remaining 5 rams serving as control were orally give normal saline, and monitored for 12weeks before removal of the testes by open castration. The dimensions of the testicl...

Effects of Single Parenting on the Growth and Development of a Child

ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: The well-being of any society is the aggregate of the well-being of the individual families that make up the society. So, the home is a quintessential factor that makes up the psychological, social, and emotional growth and development. In a happy family, a child knows that his father and mother will care for him when he gets sick. He knows that he can go to his mother or father with the problem of his young life and get advice and support, no matter how trouble filled t...

COMPLIANCE TO USE OF INTERMITTENT PREVENTIVE THERAPY (IPT) AGAINST MALARIA AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR TEACHING HOSPITAL (UCTH),CALABAR, CROSS RIVER STATE.

ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to assess the compliance to use of intermittent preventive therapy (IPTp) against malaria among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital (UCTH), Calabar Cross River State, Nigeria. In order to accomplish this purpose, three specific objectives were formulated and corresponding research questions were posed to guide the study. One null hypothesis was postulated for testing.The descriptive cross-section...

STUDENTS’ PERCEPTION OF EXAMINATION MALPRACTICE IN THE DEPARTMENT OF NURSING SCIENCE, UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR, CALABAR.

ABSTRACTThis study is aimed at assessing the students’ perceptions of examination malpractice in the Department of Nursing Science, University of Calabar. Three specific objectives, three research question and one null hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. Descriptive research design was adopted. Purposive sampling technique was used to select the class level of the students while simple random sampling was used to choose the required number of students in each class level. ...


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