Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Diabetes Self Management Knowledge And Foot Complications Among Type 2 Diabetes Patients At Jaramogi Oginga Odinga Teaching And Referral Hospital, Kisumu County, Kenya. Lucy Kageha.

ABSTRACTThe global burden of Diabetes is increasing. It is estimated by the year 2035 over 592million people in the world will suffer from Diabetes. In Kenya, the prevalence ofDiabetes is 4.56% while about 14% have impaired glucose metabolism. Since Diabetes isa complex disease affecting all areas of a person’s life, management by the patientremains central to the control and reduction of short term and long term complications.Diabetes self-management is a process in which the knowledge, sk...

Determinants Of Quality Of Maternal Child Health Services In The Tier 3 Public Health Facilities Of Kisumu County After The Declaration Of Free Maternal Health Care.

ABSTRACTThe goal of service delivery of any government is to provide quality essential priority health packages that are acceptable, affordable and accessible to all its citizens. The declaration of free maternal Health Care services by the National Government of Kenya is a positive step to fulfilling the affordability and to some extent accessibility aspects of Maternal and Child health service delivery. Kisumu County still has the highest proportion of mothers dying in the post-partum perio...

Prevalence, Intensity And Risk Factors Associated With Ascariasis Among Pre-School Aged Children In Bomet Central Division, Bomet County, Kenya.

ABSTRACTAscariasis is the most common human helminthic infection; globally an estimated 1.5 billion people are infested with approximately 60,000 deaths annually. Infestation is most prevalent in Southeast Asia and Africa and in children aged 2-10 years. Heavy Ascaris lumbricoides worm load in children can lead to intestinal and pancreatic duct obstruction that requires surgical interventions. Although preventable, Ascariasis contributed to 84 (5%) pediatric admissions while, 27(90%) of acute...

Prevalence And Factors Associated With Substance Abuse By Students In Medical Training Colleges In South Nyanza Region, Kenya

ABSTRACTSubstance abuse is a worldwide public health challenge. Globally, 210 million people abuse drugs resulting in approximately 263,000 deaths annually. An estimated 10-15 % of medical students risk substance abuse in their lifetime as they are not immune to the predisposing factors associated with the abuse. Substance abuse by students in medical training colleges (MTCs) may impact negatively on their health, future professional conduct and consequently, safety of patients. In Kenya, sub...

Knowledge And Practices On Environmental Management For Malaria Control In Kore And Ahero Irrigation Scheme, Nyando Sub-County, Kisumu County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Malaria remains one of the most prevalent vector borne diseases especially in Sub Saharan Africa contributing to morbidity and mortality of both adults and children. Knowledge in malaria control and prevention methods especially environmental management can reduce the population density of the vectors thus lessen malaria prevalence. The objectives of this study were to: determine knowledge on environmental management for malaria control, identify the most effective environmental mana...

Validation Of Gene Xpert And Lam Using Urine From Hiv Patients With Clinical Signs For Diagnosis Of Tuberculosis Attending The Moi Teaching And Referral Hospital Eldoret Kenyan

Abstract Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV co-infections have a global prevalence with high morbidity and mortality and Africa is the worst hit. The HIV and AIDS has profound impact on the TB epidemic in Kenya, where up to 60% of TB patients are likely to be HIV co-infected and the mortality rate attributed to TB. Lack of diagnostic capacity has been a major barrier preventing an effective management of HIV-associated and drug resistant tuberculosis (TB). Microscopy is the gold standard for TB diagno...

Dental Caries Experience And Associated Risk Factors Among Pre-School Going Children In Bureti Sub County Kericho County, Kenya

ABSTRACTGlobally, dental caries is one of the most prevalent dental health problem that affects children. It is number four main cause of morbidity among under five year old children in Bureti Sub County and accounts for up to 20% of morbidity cases. Its prevalence and associated risks factors in Bureti Sub county is not known hence the purpose of this study. The main purpose of the study was to determine dental caries prevalence, caries experience, and their associated risk factors among pre...

Mother-To-Child Transmission Of Hiv Using Single, Dual And Triple Antiretroviral Prophylactic Regimens: Correlates And Turnaround Time In Vihiga, Kakamega, Bungoma And Busia Counties, Kenya.

ABSTRACTThe World Health Organization report indicates that in 2013, about 35 million people worldwide lived with HIV and AIDS.HIV can be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy, at childbirth and during breastfeeding. High rates of mother-to-child HIV transmission (MTCT) in developing countries continue to happen despite availability of efficacious interventions. Numerous studies have shown that socio-demographic, clinical and biological correlates and TAT are known to influence MT...

Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Program: Evaluating Technical Efficiency, Factor Productivity And Service Quality In Nyanza, Kenya

ABSTRACTHealth service delivery across Africa is characterised by widespread inefficiency and low service quality. In Kenya, factors that closely influence performance and the critical quality measure items of medical male circumcision services remain unexplored. Specifically, technical efficiency, productivity and service quality and the factor structure of the service quality monitoring tool in Nyanza region remain unclear. Consequently, the current study aimed to evaluate performance in te...

Effects Of Cotrimoxazole Withdrawal On Malaria Parasitemia Prevalence, Parasite Density And Multiplicity Of Infection In Hiv-Infected Individuals With Immune Recovery Following Antiretroviral

ABSTRACTStrategies to reduce HIV-related morbidity and mortality include scale up of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) and provision of broad spectrum antibiotics. Cotrimoxazole (CTX) is a widely available low cost antibiotic recommended by WHO in settings with high infectious disease prevalence for treatment and prevention of opportunistic infections and malaria in all HIV-infected individuals. With immune reconstitution following ART, the risk of opportunistic infections greatly diminishes. Cont...

Diabetes Self Management Knowledge And Foot Complications Among Type 2 Diabetes Patients At Jaramogi Oginga Odinga Teaching And Referral Hospital, Kisumu County, Kenya. Lucy Kageha

ABSTRACTThe global burden of Diabetes is increasing. It is estimated by the year 2035 over 592million people in the world will suffer from Diabetes. In Kenya, the prevalence ofDiabetes is 4.56% while about 14% have impaired glucose metabolism. Since Diabetes isa complex disease affecting all areas of a person’s life, management by the patientremains central to the control and reduction of short term and long term complications.Diabetes self-management is a process in which the knowledge, sk...

Determinants Of Bypassing County Public Health Facilities Among Women Seeking Childbirth Services At The Moi Teaching And Referral Hospital, Eldoret

ABSTRACTStrong preferences are revealed when patients fail to utilize their nearby facilities andseek health care services at another facility. Bypassing rates for childbirth has beendocumented in literature and it ranges between 30% and 70 %. At Moi Teaching andReferral Hospital similar observation is made with majority of the women delivering atthe facility having bypassed their nearby county health facilities. Thus, the current studysought to identify the individual and health facility fac...

Accessibility Of Essential Medicines For Non-Communicable Diseases In A Devolved System Of Government In Trans Nzoia County, Kenya

ABSTRACTAccess to medicines is a multidimensional concept said to exist when patients havecontinuous availability of essential medicines at affordable prices and within a physicallocation that is accessible. With devolution of health services, access to essentialmedicines, including those for non-communicable disease is meant to improve. The studysought to determine the accessibility to essential medicines for the four major noncommunicable diseases in Trans-Nzoia County. The study was conduc...

Assessment Of Cockroach Infestation Levels, Awareness And Control Practices Of Vendors In Ready-To-Eat Food Premises In Kisumu City, Kisumu County

ABSTRACTIn the urban areas of the world, cockroaches constitute a public health threat in the ready-to-eat food premises because they spread diseases and contaminate food. Globally, food borne diseases transmitted by pests affect 600 million people annually with 48million in the USA. Developing countries have more cases but are underreported due to poor diagnostic facilities. In Botswana, more than 40% of cockroach population is in urban areas due to inadequate waste disposal and poor housing...

Prevalence Of Schistosoma Mansoni, Geohelminths And Malaria Co-Infections And Their Associations With Anemia In Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinics In Kisumu, Kenya

ABSTRACTIt is estimated that about 10 million pregnant women could be infected with schistosomiasis in Africa. In Kisumu, schistosomiasis, soil transmitted helminths and malaria are endemic and studies done on school children and occupationally exposed adults had reported high prevalence levels of these infections. However, little was known about the prevalence of S. mansoni, geohelminths and malaria co-infections among pregnant women in Kisumu, Kenya. In order to determine the importance of ...


61 - 75 Of 3588 Results