Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

The Association of Placenta Previa with Cesarean Delivery using Ultrasound

ABSTRACT  This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in Turkish hospital, Khartoum city. The duration of study was 5 months from first January 2016 to May 2016. The main aim was to identify the association of placenta previa with number of previous cesarean section done in pregnant women. In antenatal clinic as per protocol 50 pregnant women were scanned in their second and third trimester for fetal wellbeing and placental localization after taking a detailed obstetrical history a...

Characterization of the Heart in Hypertensive Patients using Ultrasound

ABSTRACT This research is conducted so as to know the importance of ultrasonography (Echocardiography) in the control, follow-up & the diagnosis of the different types of cardiac complications of hypertension (the impact of HTN on the heart muscles, valves and blood supply). The data was collected from Ribat teaching hospital, using an echocardiographic machine. This includes the left atrium, the left ventricular diameter in both systolic and diastolic phases as well as the valvular diameters...

Prevalence of Malaria among Inmates in Medium Security Custodial Center Sokoto

ABSTRACT: Malaria is one of the most severe global public health problems worldwide, particularly in Africa, where Nigeria has the greatest number of malaria cases. Malaria remains a disease of major public health problems in Nigeria especially among the neglected population such as the custodial center environment. This study was designed to investigate the prevalence of malaria among inmates in medium security custodial center Sokoto. this research aims to assess the prevalence of malaria ...

Environmental and demographic risk factors associated with the prevalence of Cryptosporidium infection in the Alice rural settlements of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa: a pilot s

Abstract We undertook this study to identify the risk factors and prevalence of Cryptosporidium spp. in HIV-positive and HIV-negative diarrhea patients in the Alice rural settlement in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. A total of 180 stool specimens (35 HIV-positive diarrhea, 125 HIV-negative diarrhea patients, and 20 apparently healthy subjects) were screened for cryptosporidiosis using an ELISA-based approach. Sociodemographic information, water supply, and animal contact were rec...

Ethnomedicinal survey of medicinal plants used for the management of HIV/AIDS infection among local communities of Nkonkobe Municipality, Eastern Cape, South Africa

An ethnomedicinal survey was conducted on medicinal plants used for the management of HIV/AIDS infection in the local communities of Nkonkobe Municipality, Eastern Cape Province. Information was obtained through a well-structured questionnaire and interviews administered to traditional healers and herbalists in various regions. The survey revealed 18 species belonging to 12 families. The members of Asphodelaceae (22.2%), Apocynaceae (16.7%), Asteraceae (11.1%), Mesembryanthemaceae (5.6%) and ...

Inhibition of HIV-1 Protease by Carpobrotus edulis (L.)

Carpobrotus edulis (L.) is a plant commonly found in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa and is used for the general treatment of infections relating to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV-1 protease plays an important role during HIV replication and maturation to its infectious form, and therefore inhibition of the enzyme is one of the main focus areas in drug development. +e inhibitory effect of a water extract of C. edulis leaves against HIV-1 protease activity was determined...

Analysis of Some Natural Products for Prevention of Diseases Associated with COVID-19

ABSTRACT: Coronavirus, also known as COVID-19, is a new disease that has crippled almost every aspect of human activities today. Common symptoms of the virus include high fever (38oC and above), dry persistent cough, shortness of breath and sore throat. Recently, additional symptoms which include diarrhea, fever and headache have been reported in South Africa. Medicinal herbs have been in use since ancient times for the management of viral infections related to COVID-19. Nutrient deficiency h...

Insulins: Analogues, Structure - Activity Relationship, Administration, Case Study, and Outcomes Studies

The seminar presentation delves into the evaluation of various Insulin analogues, structural modifications in relation to clinical response, cost-effectiveness and pharmacoeconomics especially with indigwnt patients and complex patients with co-morbidities that will be on it for a long time, and its value as well. This was presented at the University College Hospital Ibadan, Nigeria.

Hepatitis B/ Hepatitis C/ Decompensated Hepatic Disease/ Cirrhotic Disease of the Liver

This is a compilation of the slides presented at the University College Hospital Ibadan, Nigeria, which entails the literature review, epidemiology, case study on Hepatitis and associated disease conditions. This also explains the significance of Pharmacists in improving adherence to therapeutic regimens, understanding of the risk factors and various predispositions to liver diseases, the cost-effectiveness, cost-benefits analysis, and the medication therapy management in the assessment of He...

NON-HODGKIN LYMPHOMA

This is a compilation of the slides presented at the University College Hospital Ibadan, Nigeria, which entails the literature review, epidemiology, case study on Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma. This also explains the significance of Pharmacists in the cost-effectiveness, cost-benefits analysis, and the medication therapy management in the assessment of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 

Survey of Drugs Prescribed for the Treatment of Malaria and Compliance Level Among Pregnant Women in Tertiary Hospitals in Enugu State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to survey antimalaria drug prescriptions and compliance to treatment among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in the two tertiary hospitals in Enugu State. The study surveyed 92 doctors from UNTH and ESUTH Parklane, Enugu. 368 pregnant women from both hospitals (156 from ESUT and 212 From UNTH) who consented were surveyed. Purposive sampling was used to select the two tertiary hospitals. Proportionate stratified random sampling was used to select ...

Development of Lipid-Based Microsuspensions for Ophthalmic Delivery of Gentamicin

ABSTRACT The bioavailability of drugs from conventional eye drops is generally low. Many studies have demonstrated that new and more complex ophthalmic drug forms exhibit advantage over traditional ones and are able to increase the bioavailability of the active substance by, among others, reducing the susceptibility of drug forms to defense mechanisms of the human eye, extending contact time of drug with the cornea, increasing the penetration through the complex anatomical structure of the ey...

Assessment of Knowledge and Practice of Periconceptional Folic Acid Supplementation (Pfas) Among Childbearing Age Women (18-45years) Attending Antenatal Clinics in Enugu, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT This study investigated folate (B9) supplementation in the periconceptional period. The general objective of the study was to assess knowledge and practice of periconceptional folic acid supplementation and its health implications, among women of reproductive age in Enugu metropolis of Enugu State, Nigeria. The study was carried out from April to July 2011 in six major antenatal clinics (3 private, 3 public) in Enugu metropolis. They were visited twice weekly till a sample size of se...

Healthcare Cost and Utilization of Healthcare Services by the Insured and Uninsured Civil Servants in Selected Federal Government Agencies in Abakaliki

ABSTRACT One major component of access to healthcare is utilization of healthcare services. The National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) was designed to reduce the impact of poverty on the ability of the enrollee to utilize healthcare services. The question is has NHIS increased the utilization of health care services and offered financial protection to its beneficiaries? The purpose of this study is to analyze comparatively, the healthcare cost and utilization of healthcare services by the in...

Relationship Between Test Anxiety and Performance in Examination of Students in Basic Nursing Schools in Enugu Urban, Enugu State

ABSTRACT Test anxiety is conceived as the hyper-arousal condition that results in physiological, emotional and intellectual changes that prevent the effective use of the previously learned information while taking an examination. It is composed of “worry” which a cognitive anxiety related with performance and “emotionality” the arousal of autonomic nervous system in evaluative situations (Morris & Liebert 1970 in Ndirangu 2009). Examination performance is the grade point or scores obt...


46 - 60 Of 5622 Results