Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

BLOOD GLUCOSE AND URINALYSIS IN THE THREE TRIMESTERS OF PREGNANCY

ABSTRACTPregnancy is associated with significant physiologic and anatomic changes which occur at different rates throughout the body to provide a good upshot for both mother and foetus. This study aimed at determining the changes in the blood glucose levels in the three trimeers of pregnancy and assessing the changes in the urine constituents with respect to the blood glucose status. 90 pregnant women, 30 for each trimester were used and 30 non pregnant, age-matched subjects were used as the ...

THE PHYSIOLOGY OF BREASTFEEDING AND MILK LET DOWN

INTRODUCTIONBreast feeding is the act of feeding an infant or a young child with breast milk directly from the female human breasts (Lauralee, 2013).The female reproductive system supports the new being from the moment of conception through gestation and continues to nourish it during its early life outside the supportive uterine environment. During gestation, under the influence of the hormonal environment present, the mammary glands  develop the internal glandular structure and function ne...

ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE AND AWARENESS OF RADIOTHERAPHY AMONG CLINICAL RADIOGRAPHY STUDENTS IN NORTHERN NMIGERIA

ABSTRACTTITLE: Assessment of knowledge and awareness of Radiotherapy among clinical Radiography StudentsAIM: To ascertain the level of knowledge and awareness of radiotherapy among clinical Radiography students in northern Nigeria METHODOLOGY: A prospective cross-sectional design was adopted for the study. A primary source of data using questionnaire was used in obtaining the data and data was analyzed using SPSS V.20 generating statistical information such as frequencies and percentages...

THE EFFECT OF ETHANOL BEAN EXTRACT OF THEOBROMA COCOA ON NEUROBEHAVIOUR IN SWISS WHITE MICE.

AbstractWorld Health Organization (WHO) estimated that about 450 million people worldwide suffer from a mental or behavioral disorder (WHO, 2001). Majority of such patients in the developing countries still rely on traditional healing practices and medicinal plants for treatment of these conditions (Magaji et al., 2009). The inclusion of herbal medicines of prove safety and efficacy in the health care programs of developing countries is encouraged by the WHO because of the great potent...

The Impact of Environmental Sanitation in Lagos State, Nigeria: A Case Study of Agege Local Government Area

ABSTRACT  This study was conducted to determine the Impact of Environmental Sanitation in Agege Local Government Area of Lagos state, Nigera.  One hundred and fifthy (150) respondents were selected through simple random sampling technique. Data were collected through the administration of questionnaires and were analyzed on frequency distribution table. It was revealed that 47% of the sampled respondents still dispose their waste in Open dump, while 36% of the responden...

Physico-Chemical Quality of Well Water Within Araromi Automobile Spare Parts Market Agodi, Ibadan

ABSTRACTThis research work physico-chemical quality of well water within Araromi Automobile Spare Parts market Agodi, Ibadan. The research work assess the physico-chemical characteristics of thewell water sample collected in the study area and also identify analyze and compare the heavy metal concentration with national and international standards. The procedure adopted included observation, and the water sample was collected from seven hand dug well within the study area using 750ml water co...

Parasite Diversity and Health of Oreochromis Mossambicus and Labeo Rosae From Loskop Dam, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa

Land-use activities occurring in the upper catchment of the Olifants River System affect the water quality of Loskop Dam. Such activities lead to water pollution and that affect the health of fish and other aquatic organisms. The aim of the study was to determine the health status of Loskop Dam by assessing the health and parasites of Oreochromis mossambicus and Labeo rosae as biological indicators. The selected fish species were examined during summer (March) and winter (June) 2018. The...

A Study on Management of Healthcare Waste in Health Care Facilities in Nakuru East Sub-County, Nakuru County

ABSTRACTThe proper handling of medical wastes is very imperative. There are defined set rules for handling medical wastes, unfortunately, laxity and lack of adequate training and awareness in the execution of these rules leads to injuries and diseseses spread by improper handling of these wastes. The study conducted was on management of healthcare wastes in health care facilities in Nakuru east sub-county, Nakuru county. Objectives of the study were to identify major types of wastes generated...

Knowledge and Attitude of Patients Towards the Privacy and Confidentiality of Their Health Information Attending the Medical Outpatient (MOP)

INTRODUCTION1.1      Background to the StudyPeople generally assume all communications between them and their doctor or other health professionals will remain private ,and the law generally reflects this expectations .If it were not so, some people might feel reluctant to seek medical treatment, patients may be less honest in describing their ailments , patients may give inaccurate or incomplete information in their medical histories, ask their physician not to record embarrassing informat...

Effect of Improper Documentation of Health Records

ABSTRACTDocumentation in medical record is the basis for communication between health professionals which inform the care provided, the treatment rendered, care planned and the outcome of that care as a continuous and existing record. Health information documentation is a document about healthcare services that is provided to an individual patient. If documentation doesn’t give a clear presentation of a patient’s history, it is termed improper documentation. Thus, this study aims to deter...

Theoretical Underpinning of Alcohol Use and Misuse in the UK

Abstract Alcohol use and misuse is one of the serious epidemics confronting public health institutions around the world, in recognition of its damaging effect to health. This study therefore considers the influence of alcohol in the UK. It uses three theories of addiction which include psychopathology theory, learning behaviour theory and WHO biopsychosocial theory to evaluate the impact of alcohol consumption. It finds that young adults in the UK are vulnerable to alcoholic consu...

ECOGENOTOXICOGICAL ASSESSMENTS OF SOME SELECTED FISH SPECIES FROM APODU RESERVOIR, MALETE, NORTH CENTRAL, NIGERIA

Increased agricultural and domestic activities around and within aquatic ecosystem could poseserious threats to the habitat quality and ichthyofauna diversity. Nigeria is a country notablefor the alarming rate of water pollution. On the other hand, increased human populace aroundthe Apodu Reservoir has led to an intensifying rate of pollutants’ influx into the water body.To date, there is limited information on the habitat quality and associated genotoxic effectsof pollutants on physiology...

Knowledge attitude and practice of dietary habits as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in adolescents of surulere local government Lagos Nigeria

CHAPTER  ONE                                                 INTRODUCTION OVERVIEW Rapid  changes  in  demography  and  social  and  economic  development  play  an  important  role  in  the  emergence  of  noncommunicable  diseases  (NCDs)  as  a  public&n...

THE GEOMETRY OF THE PTERION OF DRY ADULT NIGERIAN SKULLS

ABSTRACT The pterion is a point of confluence of the sutural parts of the frontal bone, parietal bone, greater wing of sphenoid bone, and squamous part of the temporal bone. It is classified into four types: spenoparietal, frontotemporal, stellate, and epipteric. This study highlighted the morphology and location of the pterion of adult Nigerian skull in comparison to other populations. A total of 50 dry skulls were used from the Departments of Anatomy of five federal institution...

EFFECT OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF Cola nitida ON NORMAL DEVELOPMENT OF DISTAL GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT

Background: Normal and abnormal development of anorectum is still under debate. Etiology of abnormal development of anorectum is poorly understood. Caffeine is a vasoconstrictor that has been implicated in abnormal anorectal development and is a major constituent of Kola nut (Cola nitida). It is consumed heavily by pregnant women in Nigeria to control vomiting. Objectives: We examined the teratogenic effects of oral administration of aqueous extract of Cola nitida (AECON) on foetal growth an...


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