Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Roles of Serotonin in Depression

INTRODUCTIONSerotonin is a monoamine neurotransmitter derived biochemically from L-tryptophan. It is mainly found in the gastrointestinal tract (about 90% in enterochromaffin cells), platelets and in the central nervous system of humans and animals. It is an important biogenic amine that play combined role of neurotransmitter as well as neuromodulator (Gyermek, 1996). Serotonin, a neurotransmitter synthesized in the brain, acts importantly in the functioning of the cardiov...

ADULT INTUSSUSCEPTION

ABSTRACTBACKGROUNDIntussusception is the invagination of a segment of the gastrointestinal tract into the lumen of an adjacent segment. It is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction in adults and poses a diagnostic dilemma when present.CASE PRESENTATIONThis is a report of a sixty year-old male who presented to the Emergency Department of The University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria with peri-umbilical pain of one week duration and inability to pass faeces for five days. There was a palpabl...

Assessment of Traditional Medicinal Plants Used for Treatment of Human Diseases in Oromia Region, West Shewa Zone: Jeldu Woreda, Ethiopia

Most of the information regarding traditional medicinal plants are still in the hands of traditional vendors, and knowledge of vendors is either lost or passed orally from generation to next generation. This study aimed to survey and document the currently used plants by herbalists in Jeldu Woreda and record their medicinal usage and mode of preparation. Due to most of the vendors of traditional medicinal plants in Jeldu Woreda are alliterated, the data was gathered by&nbs...

ASSESSMENT OF THE NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF ADOLESCENT GIRLS

ABSTRACTAdolescence is a period of growth and development between childhood and adulthood. It is a crucial period in life and implies physiological and psychological changes that affect physical growth. Adolescence is normally characterized by low levels of disease and death; it is the period of life when mortality rates are lowest.This study highlights the nutritional status of adolescent girls which is of primary importance as it is a known fact that adolescent girls are future mothers and ...

Perceptions and Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicines among Undergraduate Students in a Nigerian University.

Objectives: This study was designed to evaluate the Perception and Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicines (CAM) among the undergraduate Students of Delta State University (DELSU), Abraka.-Nigeria. Methods: Self- administered questionnaires were distributed randomly to the participants. Result: Out of 450 students that voluntarily participated in the study, 368 (81.78%) had used or were currently using at least one of the various CAM modalities; Family members (282, 37.15%) appeare...

FLOODING IN NIGERIAN CITIES: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS. A Case Study of Aba Urban, Abia State, Nigeria

This project work capture the causes and effects of flooding in different parts of the nation. ABSTRACT: Nigeria is the most populous Black race country in Africa and in the world with a total land area of 983,213 km2  occupied by over 160 Million people: The interaction of these millions of people with their environment has left indelible mark  on the  landscape.  Urbanization, deforestation,  flooding,  desertification, over population  and ...

PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING FOR INTEGRATION OF NURSING THEORY AND PRACTICE

Abstract Problem-based learning (PBL) was pioneered in medical school in McMaster University, Canada in the late 1960s but has now spread to other disciplines around the world. PBL is a learning-teaching approach in which learners direct their own learning and co-construct knowledge through research and peer dialogues. In this paper, I reflect on my first-time experience of PBL. I have found that through team work, critical reflections, and feedback from peers and the learning facilitat...

The Effectiveness of Substance Abuse Management: Perspectives of Nurses in Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Aro, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT The study assessed the perspectives of nurses in Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Aro, Abeokuta, Nigeria on the effectiveness of substance abuse management. It made use of a descriptive research design. The study was conducted at the Department of Nursing, Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Aro, Abeokuta, Ogun state, Nigeria. A sample size of hundred nurses was used. This was calculated using thirty percent of the target population (ninety nurses) at ten percent error (ten nurses) to accommo...

ARTIFICIAL MILK FEEDING: WOMEN VIEW OF THEIR FEEDING CHOICE IN YAKURR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA.

ABSTRACTThis study was aimed at ascertaining the views of women from Yakurr Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria on their choice to feed their infants artificial milk. Descriptive cross-section design was used. A total sample size of 172 women was used for the study. A self-developed structured questionnaire with reliability of 89.5 was used for data collection. The data obtained from the questionnaire were subjected to descriptive and Chi-square(X2) statistics testing at 0.05 ...

SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND ITS IMPLICATION ON THE HEALTH OF ON-CAMPUS MALE STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR, CALABAR CROSS RIVER STATE.

ABSTRACTThe study was designed to determine the health implications of substance abuse among the on-campus male students of the University of Calabar, Cross River State Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive survey design which comprises 320 on-campus male students of the University of Calabar. Simple random sampling technique was used to select the respondents. The instrument for data collection was a self developed validated structured questionnaire with reliability of 0.89. Data generate...

Prevalence of Parasitic Eggs in Freshly Consumed Vegetables Commercially Traded in Selected Markets within the Abuja Municipal Area Council, FCT Abuja

ABSTRACTCommonly sold vegetables within the Abuja Municipal Area Council, FCT Abuja were investigated for the prevalence of parasitic eggs. A total of 225 vegetable samples were collected and investigated for the presence of these parasites using standard methods, and quite a number of them were positive. Results obtained showed the parasitic infestation rates were 71.11%, 71.11%, 68.89%, 55.55% and 20% for water leaf, green, pumpkin, lettuce and carrot respectively. The parasites encountered...

Prevalence and Antibiogram of Generic Enterococci in Ready-to-Slaughter Beef Cattle

Abstract Rectal swabs were collected from 95, systematic randomly selected, apparently healthy beef cattle, in order to isolate generic enterococci in Nsukka Southeast, Nigeria, and thus to determine the antibacterial resistance profile of the isolates. Isolation of enterococci was done using Slanetz-Bartley enterococci selective medium. Phenotypic characterization of the isolates to generic level was done following standard biochemical methods. Phenotypic resistance of  the  i...

A Critical Comparison of Depression Among Adolescents in Nigeria and the United Kingdom (UK)

BackgroundAccording to the WHO (2014 d), depression is the number one cause of health problems and disability amongst adolescents (age 10-19 years). Furthermore, suicide which is the third leading cause of death amongst this age group is strongly associated with severe forms of depression (WHO 2014d). Evidence indicates that half of the mental health disorders in adulthood start during adolescence (WHO 2014d).Therefore, proper intervention and prevention of mental health problems amongs...

BIOSTIMULATION OF BACTERIA DEGRADATION OF CRUDE OIL POLLUTED SOIL USING PLANTAIN PEELS

Biostimulation of bacteria degradation of crude oil polluted soil using plantain peels were studied in University of Abuja permanent site. Top soil was collected randomly from different points, sieved and weighed out 3kg into each plastic bucket, and were polluted with 300ml, 250ml and 200ml on each. The plastic buckets were labeled in single form with cotton wool plugged at the base to retain the water. (A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I,J) with the control as J without crude oil. After 30 days, the...

Malaria: A Public Health Menace in Nigeria

 BACKGROUND Nigeria has a tropical climate with temperatures ranging between 250C and 400 C. Average rainfall is about 2,650 millimetres in the southeast to less than 600 millimetres in some part of the north; with areas of mangrove swamps, tropical rain forests, coastal areas, open woodlands and Savannah. This climatic and geographic condition of Nigeria favours the transmission of malaria (Malaria Consortium, 2014), and is in keeping with the endemicity of the disease in the country...


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