Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

PHARMACOGNOSY, Phytochemical Examination of the Plant species of Aframomum danielli and A. spectrum

ABSTRACT      Aframomum danielli and Aframomum sceptrum (Zingiberaceae) have been studied in this research project for their phytochemical constituents, thin layer chromatographic analysis and insecticidal potentials.     Phytochemical examination of the dried fruits showed the presence of alkaloids, terpenes, tannins and flavonoids. Saponin glycosides, cardiac glycosides, anthraquinone glycosides and cyanogenetic glycosides were absent in both plant species.     The chromatograp...

ADVERSE DRUG REACTION: A LOCAL AND GLOBAL PUBLIC HEALTH MENACE

Adverse drug reactions (ADR) occur frequently and globally, accounting for a significant number of fatalities each year.1, 2 Drugs remain the most common medical interventions used to relieve sufferings, but could also prove fatal.  As the saying goes ‘‘Drugs are Double Edged Weapons’’ 1 and nearly all medicines are capable of causing injuries.

Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of Rifapentine plus isoniazid compared with isoniazid monotherapy in preventing active tuberculosis in HIV positive adults

BackgroundTuberculosis is the highest cause of death in persons infected with HIV hence the need for prevention. The gold standard of self- administered isoniazid for 6 to 12 months is effective but adherence is poor and causes more adverse events. Rifapentine plus isoniazid for 3months administered under DOTS have limited treatment duration and may result in higher adherence and reduced adverse events.ObjectivesTo determine the effectiveness of Rifapentine plus Isoniazid compared with ...

INFLUENCE OF PRINT MEDIA IN PROMOTING EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING AMONG NURSING MOTHERS IN LAGOS

ABSTRACTOver time information concerning exclusive breastfeeding has been passed to nursing mothers. This suggests that several print media communicators sources such as healthcare personnel’s or healthcare workers, family and friends, social media, television, radio, newspaper, billboard, flyer have been used as an important tool to influence communication and promotion to nursing mothers. The study therefore sought to explore the existence of, and the kinds of messages put in place by the...

The Mismatch of Students Anthropometric Data with Ergonomic Designs of Learning Workstation is a Risk Factor for Musculoskeletal Disorders

Abstract: This study examined the relationship between anthropometric data of Nigerian Students in Higher Academic Institutions, the ergonomic design of classroom furniture and the risk of Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs). A total of one hundred and seventy five (175) students, aged between 17-34 years, in thirty one (31) randomly selected classrooms participated in the research. Students' anthropometric data were collated by measuring various body dimensions such as sitting elbow height, sho...

Fetal Alcohol syndrome

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a serious global problem due to emergence of alcohol abuse among young pregnant women. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is the single largest cause of mental retardation in the Western world. It is all the more tragic given that FAS is the only congenital cause of mental retardation that is 100% preventable. Fetal Alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a broad spectrum of completely preventable intellectual and developmental deficits in individuals, resulting from matern...

Cardio Metabolic Syndrome, Insulin Resistance Syndrome or metabolic syndrome X

Cardio Metabolic Syndrome (CMS), also known as insulin resistance syndrome or metabolic syndrome X, is a combination of metabolic disorders or risk factors that essentially includes a combination of diabetes mellitus, systemic arterial hypertension, central obesity and hyper-lipidemia. Common to these diseases of metabolism is the associated development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Studies have shown a strong link between CMS and increased prevalence of peripheral...

Findings of Ongoing Renovation Work in Shorooq Building Apartment Contracted by Royal Way Services LLC Dubai (A Practical Project)

This is my practical project report for Nebosh IGC3 that earned me Excellent grade.  With 25 hazards and 5 good practices.This report is based on the findings of ongoing renovation work in Shorooq building apartment contracted by Royal Way Services LLC Dubai. The aim is to evaluate Health and Safety practice such as working conditions and processes that are unsafe in order to provide recommendations where applicable and ensure compliances. 

KNOWLEDGE AND USE OF NURSING PROCESS AS A TOOL FOR QUALITY CARE IN THE MANAGEMENT OF PATIENTS

CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION1.1. BACKGROUND OF STUDYIn these early days, nursing was characterized by two aims: Care of the sick and promotion of health. These were accomplished with little or no direction from medicine.The nursing process functions as a systematic guide to client-centered care with 5 sequential steps. These are assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation. Assessment. Assessment is the first step and involves critical thinking skills and data col...

A SURVEY ON RECREATIONAL ACTIVITY TOWARDS HEALTH AND FITNESS, PROMOTING HEALTH AND FITNESS

AbstractThe research literature on  survey of recreational activity towards health and fitness, promoting health and fitness as it relates to human health is vast and growing. To help policymakers take new and emerging findings into account when designing recreation and park services and initiatives for the 21st century, this paper summarizes the salient issues and identifies research gaps. It considers how being outside in natural surroundings may improve health and how outdoor physical act...

Anatomical perspective to diabetes mellitus

CHAPTER ONE1.0 IntroductionDiabetes occurs in situations where there’s too many excretions of urine and can be causedby a lack of hormone called antidiuretic hormone or ADH that limits the amount of urinemade as in Diabetes Insipidus or it can also result from a higher blood sugar level as inDiabetes Mellitus (IDF, 2006).  Diabetes is a condition that impairs the body’s ability toprocess blood glucose, otherwise known as blood sugar. Diabetes mellitus, often referred tosimply as diab...

Effect of cigarette smoking on kidney functions

Introduction The kidneys play a major role in the control of the consistency of the internal environment. The blood passing through the kidneys is first filtrated (glomerular filtration) so that all the constituents, except blood cells and plasma proteins, go into the microtubular systems. In the kidneys the useful substances are quickly reabsorbed but unwanted substances escape filtration and are actively excreted in urine. (Krungkrai S, 2001).However, renal function tests are important...

Teratogen and physiological effects on organogenesis

A human teratogen is an agent that alters the growth or structure of the developing embryo or fetus, thereby causing birth defects. The first human teratogen identified in 1941 by an ophthalmologist, Norman Gregg, was maternal rubella infection in pregnancy, which produced a triad of defects (cataracts, heart malformations, and deafness) in the infants (Gregg, 1991).  Teratogens are environmental agents such as drugs, viruses, lack of nutrients, and physical or chemical elements tha...

Prevalence of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa in Hospitalised Patients in Kubwa General Hospital, Abuja, FCT

                                      ABSTRACT The present study was to determine the prevalence of pseudomonas aeruginosa in patients using clinical samples (urine, skin lesion and pus) and environmental samples (sand, tap water, flowers). A total of thirty (30) samples were collected from patients, ten (10) each of urine, skin lesions and pus. And also three environmental samples (tap water, sand and flower) were collected. The samples obtai...

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Students Towards Tobacco Smoking

The concept of tobacco smoking has various aspects but this research focused on the cigarette kind. The findings showed that a large number of the students had poor or low knowledge of the health risk associated with smoking with students of TSU having means score of 10.16 and those of OOU having a mean score of 5.3 out of 16 point rating scale. The attitude varied based on the particular knowledge they exhibited but due to the poor knowledge the attitude gave room for more practice. 


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