Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Safety Management Systems (Case study: Respiratory Protection Program (RPP) for Hospitals)

ABSTRACTA Safety Management System (SMS) is a systematic approach to managing safety, including the necessary organizational structures, accountabilities, policies, and procedures. Safety Management system is a comprehensive management system designed to manage safety elements in the workplace. It includes policy, objectives, plans, procedures, organization, responsibilities and other measures. The SMS is used in industries that manage significant safety risks, including aviation, petrole...

Research Method on Safety Issues (Field Work)

ABSTRACTThis paper is geared towards identifying the various research methods used to find out the safety issues in the workplaces. It details the safety issues, ways it is mitigated, eliminated or reduced in workplaces. This work increases awareness for the handling of safety issues. Chapter one familiarizes readers with concepts used in this study. Chapter two records details of common safety issues encountered in the workplace. The rest of the paper explains the best methods and reactions ...

Urinary Bladder Thickness, Tumor Antigen, and Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms in a Low Schistosoma haematobium‑Endemic Rural Community of Nigeria

Objective: Bladder tumor antigen (BTA) is a common biomarker for urothelial carcinoma while bladder wall thickening (BWT) is a sign of urinary bladder irritation which suggests cystitis or early-stage bladder cancer pathology, most especially in the absence of bladder outlet obstruction. The aim of this study was to find the incidence of urinary bladder thickness and evaluate the relationship between BTA and BWTin a low schistosomiasis-endemic Nigerian village. Materials and Methods: The stud...

West African soft cheese ‘wara’ processed with Calotropis procera and Carica papaya: A comparative assessment of nutritional values

The nutritional contents of Carica papaya and Calotropis procera processed cheeses were evaluated.The following nutrients and elements were assayed; fat, protein, moisture, sugar, Zn, Mn, Fe, and Cuand their values were 22.3 and 31.45%, 31.60 and 33.84%, 62.5 and 61.70%, 2.05 and 8.10%, 1.19 and4.14%, 2.80 and 2.35%, 4.8 and 4.7%, 4.6 and 7.3% for C. papaya and C. procera processed cheeses,respectively. The values obtained for fat, protein, sugar, Zn, and Cu were higher in C. proceraprocessed...

A Craniometric Study of Adult Humans Skulls from Southwestern Nigeria

Abstract: The study aims at determining the cranial indices of some skulls recovered from cadavers sourced from Southwestern regions of Nigeria, mainly populated by Yoruba ethnic tribe. The cranial indices of 85 human skulls were determined by measuring the maximum cranial length (mcl) and maximum cranial breadth (mcb) using Goniometre fitted with sliding calliper. The cranial index was determined by finding the percentage of the ratio mcb to mcl x100. The skulls were deemed from adult indivi...

The Jugular Foramen and the Intracranial Volume; Are they Related?

Abstract: The study aimed to investigate the relationship between the size of a human skull foramen and the intracranial volume (skull capacity). A total number of 91 human skulls were studied to determine the volume of the foramina and the intracranial volume. The volumes of the foramina were determined by using the formula pie r2h (the geometrical formula of a cone-shaped figure) where ‘r’ is the radius of the effluent aperture, ‘h’ the depth of the foramen and B is a constant. The ...

Agenesis of Palmaris Longus Muscle in Selected Population of School Children in Nigeria

ÊSUMMARY: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of agenesis of palmaris longus muscle tendon among school children in Ogun state, Southwestern Nigeria and also, to verify the symmetry of the agenesis of the muscle in relation to sex. The presence of the palmaris longus muscle tendon was determined in 564 individuals, 285 male and 279 female, with age varying from 2 to 20 years old. Four different tests were used; Schaeffers test, Thompsons test, Mishras test 1 and Pushpakumars ...

Frequency Distribution of Hemoglobin Variants and Rhesus Blood Groups Among Pregnant Women

Hemoglobin variants, ABO and Rhesus blood groups vary from one population to another. The study was  designed to sample pregnant women population from Ayetoro community of Ogun state, Nigeria, for the purpose of updating information on the prevalence of abnormal hemoglobin variants, ABO and Rh blood groups and compare the results with previously published data. Hospital records of recruited pregnant women were sorted out for the determination of the prevalence of hemoglobin variants, ABO and...

Survival time and its predictors among HIV-infected children after antiretroviral therapy in public health facilities of Arba Minch town, Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia

 Abstract Background: Antiretroviral therapy is a drug treatment that plays a great role in reduction of mortality among children infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Studies in Africa have shown that there is short survival time among children receiving antiretroviral therapy. Factors that contribute to low survival probability have been poorly described in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in Ethiopia. Objective: The study was conducted to estimate the survival time and ide...

DETERMINANTS OF HIGH FERTILITY AMONG MARRIED WOMEN IN ANGACHA DISTRICT, KAMBETA TEMBERO ZONE, SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Fertility is the major component of population dynamics, which is used to show a major role in the size, and structure of a particular population. In Ethiopia, total fertility rate is 4.6 children per woman. This high fertility brings a significant problem on the health of mothers and children. OBJECTIVE: To identify the determinants of high fertility in Angacha District, Southern Ethiopia. METHOD: A community-based case-control study design was conducted from Sept...

Community Management of Acute Malnutrition in Katsina State, Nigeria: A Report From 2010 To 2013

ABSTRACT The  Community  Management  of  Acute  Malnutrition  (CMAM )  is a  communitybased  approach  involves  in  timely  detection  of  severe  acute malnutrition  (SAM)  in  a  community.  This  is  followed  by  the  provision  of  treatment  (Readynutrientdense  foods)  for  those  without  medical  comp toUs...

THE COMPLAINANT COMPLEX AND NEGLIGENCE: A SURVEY IN THE MEDICAL RECORDS DEPARTMENT OF FEDERAL NEUROPSYCHIATRIC HOSPITAL ENUGU, NIGERIA

The purpose of this work is to cross examine all clinic entries with a view to determining the appropriateness of the status administered as patient, client, in-patient, out- patient, parole, trial  and otherwise. The legality is built upon the fact of economic pressure to generate revenue internally and the concomitant effect on medical personnel who may want to indulge.The power effect on the public that may want to cajole and get squarely away is also considered with the victim in both ca...

Some effects of aqueous extract of Nigella sativa on cadmium induced splenic damage in Adult Wistar rats

                  ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: Various researches had shown that Nigella sativa has diverse characteristics some of which include bitter, pungent, aromatic, appetizer, stimulant, diuretic, emmenagogue, galactagogue, anthelminthic, acrid, thermogenic, carminative, anodyne, deodorant, digestive, constipating, sudorific, febrifuge, expectorant, purgative and abortifacient. This present study was aimed at investigating some of the effects...

Viral Haemorrhagic Fever: A Threat to Life

ABSTRACTViral haemorrhagic fever refers to a group of diseases caused by different families of viruses, many of which cause severe diseases. The main characteristics are a severe multisystem syndrome that affects multiple organs and systems. The final result is the production of haemorrhages in distinct locations of the body, but this bleeding is rarely life-threatening. However, specific signs and symptoms vary with the type of virus. The majority have no other treatment than supportive ther...

A STUDY ON KNOWLEDGE ATTITUDES AND PRACTICES RELATED TO PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE AMONG RESIDENTS OF BASAWA, SABON GARI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KADUNA STATE

ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Peptic ulcer disease remains a relatively common disease and importantly a common cause of hospital admission both in developed and developing countries. Although most developed countries have achieved H. pylori eradication but still have new and recurrent cases which is attributed majorly to increase utilization of NSAIDs among other reasons. In the developing countries of Africa such as Nigeria the story is even more complex as H. pylori infection is both common and acqu...


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