Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Nutrition Situation Of Recent Migrants In Selected Small Towns Of Mpanda District, Katavi Region

ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to investigate the nutritional situation of recent migrants in 3 selected small towns in Mpanda district, Katavi region, Tanzania. The study focused on recent migrants who have stayed in the study area for 3 to 36 months. Cross-sectional design was used in a sample of 348 randomly selected respondents, whereby a semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Nutrition status of adults as well as that of underfive children were assessed whereby an...

Basal Metabolic Rate And Energy Cost Of Performing Farm Activities In Magubike Village, Kilosa District, Morogoro, Tanzania

ABSTRACTDetermination of basal metabolic rate (BMR), energy cost of various farm activities,physical activity level (PAL), total energy expenditure (TEE), nutritional status and workcapacity (VO2 max) was done to examine their influence on farmer’s productivity. A crosssectional study involving 64 farmers was conducted on randomly selected households.Energy expenditure measurements were determined using the Douglas bag technique,VO2 max was measured by the Rockport fitness test and nutritio...

Healthcare Workers Awareness On Diagnosis And Management Of Non-Tuberculous Mycobacterial Pulmonary Disease

ABSTRACTNon-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are also referred to as mycobacteria other thantuberculosis (MOTT). These bacteria are ubiquitous in the environment and theirdistribution varies depending on environmental microbial distribution, climate andweather condition. Transmission occurs by aerosols for example during bathing andsteaming. Over time the numbers of species and burden have been increasing. Thisincludes saprophytes and emergence of species that cause diseases to human and animal...

Socio-Cultural Factors Influencing Attitudes And Perceptions On Food And Nutrition In Morogoro Municipality

ABSTRACTThe present study was undertaken to understand socio-cultural factors influencing attitudes and perceptions on food and nutrition of adult men and women residing in Morogoro Municipality. Specifically, the study aimed at determining the socio-cultural factors influencing attitudes and perceptions on food and nutrition; to assess the influence of socio-cultural factors on dietary pattern in the study area; to evaluate household decision making on food accessibility; and to assess the n...

Effect Of Childcare Practices On The Nutritional Status Of Children Aged 6-24 Months In Morogoro Urban And Kilosa Districts

ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to assess the effects of childcare practices on thenutritional status of children aged 6-24 months in Kilosa and Morogoro Urbandistricts. A sample of 300 mother-child pairs was randomly selected and interviewedusing a structured, pre-tested questionnaire. The data were analyzed using theStatistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software. The study revealed that,some of the socio-economic characteristics such as marital status, family size,education o...

Modified Diets To Improve Iron, Vitamin A And Protein Intake Among Children In Banana-Based Farming Systems Of Kagera Region, Tanzania.

ABSTRACTMicronutrient and protein deficiencies are among the major public-health concerns in Tanzania. These deficiencies mainly affect children below five years of age and pregnant women. Malnutrition is a preventable problem if nutrition education and food-based approach strategies are effectively emphasised from the village to the national levels. The banana-based farming system of Kagera region of Tanzania has good edible food diversity. However, households mainly consume monotonous diets...

Assessment Of Pesticide Exposure Pathways On Humans In Mang'ola Ward, Karatu District-Arusha, Tanzania

ABSTRACTA cross-sectional study was carried out in Mang’ola area in Lake Eyasi basin from October 2012 to February 2013 to assess pesticide exposure pathways to vegetable growers and consumers. A total sample size of 263 respondents was selected for the study. Baseline data for exposure pathway scenario, eating habits and quantities of vegetables consumed were collected using structured questionnaires, In-depth interview, Focus group discussion and observations. Health risk characterization...

Role Of Domestic Animals In The Epidemiology Of Human African Trypanosomiasis (Hat) In Kigoma –Tanzania

ABSTRACTHuman African trypanosomiasis (HAT) is fatal if untreated and causes severe morbidity.In Tanzania HAT is caused by Trypanosoma b. rhodesiense. Trypanosomiasis in livestockis the major impediment to livestock farming and it limits the full potential of agriculturaldevelopment in Tanzania. This study was undertaken in Kasulu district of Kigoma region,an area that is endemic for both human and animal trypanosomiasis. This study aimed todetermine the prevalence of trypanosomiasis in domes...

Modified Diets To Improve Iron, Vitamin A And Protein Intake Among Children In Banana-Based Farming Systems Of Kagera Region, Tanzania

ABSTRACTMicronutrient and protein deficiencies are among the major public-health concerns in Tanzania. These deficiencies mainly affect children below five years of age and pregnant women. Malnutrition is a preventable problem if nutrition education and food-based approach strategies are effectively emphasised from the village to the national levels. The banana-based farming system of Kagera region of Tanzania has good edible food diversity. However, households mainly consume monotonous diets...

Assessment Of Phenotypic Properties Of The Rhesus And Kell Blood Group Systems Among Blood Donors And Pregnant Women In Namibia

ABSTRACTIntroductionA determination of the phenotypic frequencies of blood group systems C, c, E, e and Kell among the Namibian blood donors and pregnant women and the prevalence of these antigens in Namibia was carried out. Two thousand nine hundred and eight six blood donor specimens and four hundred and eighty-four specimens from pregnant women were randomly selected for antigen characterisation. Donated specimens that were processed for grouping and Transfusion Transmissible Infections (T...

Assessment Of Microbial Contamination In Beef From Abattoir To Retail Meat Outlets In Morogoro Municipality, Tanzania

ABSTRACTThe aim of this study was to assess microbial contamination in beef production chain from abattoir to retail meat outlets in Morogoro municipality. A total of 102 water, meat and surface swab samples from evisceration tables, walls, floors, meat van floors and knives in abattoir were collected and analyzed for Total Viable Counts (TVC), Total Coliform Counts (TCC) and Total Faecal Coliform Counts (TFC). Meat and surface swabs from weighing balances, knives, meat chopping tables, wood ...

Assessment Of Microbial Quality Of Raw Cow’s Milk And Antimicrobial Susceptibility Of Selected Milk-Borne Bacteria In Kilosa And Mvomero Districts, Tanzania

ABSTRACTMilk is an important source of nutrients to human and animals, but due to its high water activity and nutritional value it serves as an excellent medium for growth of many kind of microorganisms under suitable conditions. The present cross sectional study was conducted to assess microbial quality of raw cow milk and to determine antimicrobial susceptibility of the selected common milk-borne bacteria in Kilosa and Mvomero districts, Morogoro region. A total of 56 respondents were inter...

Quality Of Care For People Living With Hiv/Aids In Morogoro Municipality

ABSTRACTAssessment of the quality of care services provided to people living with HIV/AIDS(PLWHA) was undertaken in Morogoro Municipality whereby a cross sectional surveyapproach was adopted. Ninety people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) from two NGOsthat are well known to support PLWHA in Morogoro Municipality were involved. Thetwo NGOs were namely Faraja Trust Fund (FTF) and Wanaoishi na Virusi vya UkimwiMorogoro (WAVUMO) which is an association of people living with HIV/AIDS inMorogoro. Data ...

Self-Care Practices And Psychosocial Distress For People With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania

ABSTRACTNutritional intake and modification of lifestyle are the cornerstones for management ofType 2 diabetes. It has been recognized that, in order to achieve satisfactory metaboliccontrol, adoption of self-care skills by the diabetic person is crucial. The aim of this studywas to determine self-care practices and diabetes related emotional distress for people withType 2 diabetes mellitus in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. A cross sectional survey involving121 people with Types 2 diabetes was cond...

Evaluation Of Competence-Based Education Training Curriculum In Improving Nurses Students Knowledge And Skill: A Case Study Of Nursing Training Institutions In Zanzibar

ABSTRACT  Nursing services are undergoing many changes due to technological changes, increased health demand and morbidities due to non-communicable disease, malnutrition and maternal health complication. This trend necessitates regular review of curriculum to address all emerging issues.  The study evaluated CBET curriculum in improving nurse students’ knowledge and skill in Zanzibar Nursing Training Institution. It, specifically, sought to assess the level of knowledge amon...


31 - 45 Of 3632 Results