Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Evaluation of Normative Tonsils Size in Sudanese Children by Using Ultrasound

ABSTRACT  Defining the normal value of the palatine tonsil size among the young Sudanese population is essential for a reliable evaluation of children with enlargement or signs and symptoms of tonsil disease. An ultrasound measurement was therefore undertaken to determine the normal range of the tonsil diameter among Sudanese children. The purpose of this study was to investigate a large ultrasound imaging study to evaluate the normal size of the tonsil during development of children using h...

Assessment of Amniotic Fluid Volume in Diabetic Pregnant Women during the second and third trimesters using ultrasound

Abstract  The objective of this study is to assess the amniotic fluid volume in diabetic pregnant women during the second and third trimesters and to identify the effect of diabetes mellitus on amniotic fluid volume . Fifty diabetic pregnant women in the second and third trimesters which undergoing ultrasound exam in the department at Elskaikh Fadul and Elsoudy hospital at Ommdurman. All diabetic pregnant women were in the second and third trimesters, and were scanned by (3.5 MH) convex prob...

Study of Developmental Hip Dysplasia in Saudi Infants Using Ultrasonography

ABSTRACT The objectives of this study were to characterize the DDH in Saudi infants using US, also to evaluate the hip joint for infants who were clinically diagnosed to have Developmental hip dysplasia (DDH) focusing mostly on the Graf’s method using ultrasonography, by measuring the α and β angles and correlate the results with the anatomical findings related the hip. The study was conducted during the period extended from 2011 up to 2017. The hips of 536 newborn infants were examined ...

Assessment of Sensitivity and Specifity Immunochromatograophy Test And ELISA for detecting Human Immunodeficiency Virus Antibodies among Screening Patients in Khartoum State

Abstract  Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( HIV) is global and serious problem , with increase in mortality and morbidity worldwide. This was prospective , descriptive and cross sectional study aimed to assess the level of HIV Ab using the ICT and ELISA for detecting Ab and Ag (p24) .It was conducted among Screening patient in Khartoum state (National Public Health Laboratory) from 1 April to 30 June (2015) on a total of eighty nine (n=89)to compare the sensitivity and specificity of immunochro...

Knowledge and Use of Misoprostol in the Prevention and Treatment of Post Partum Haemorrhage among Primary Health Care Workers in Zaria Metropolis, Kaduna State,Nigeria

ABSTRACT  Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is the common cause of obstetric haemorrhage and the leading cause of maternal deaths in Nigeria. Injectable uterotonics, which include ergometrine, oxytocin and syntometrine are the conventional drugs used and also remain the first line drug for prevention and treatment of PPH. However, these drugs are heat-sensitive when exposed to hot climates over long period of time which means they need to be refrigerated in order to maintain their potency. This m...

Sonographic Estimation of Gestational Age by Placental Thickness among Pregnant Women in Enugu, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Gestational age (GA) estimation is an important aspect of routine obstetrics scanning. Fetal parameters like femur length, biparietal diameter head circumference and abdominal circumference have many pit falls especially as pregnancy advances in age. Hence, there is need to estimate GA with placental thickness especially in the second and third trimesters when other fetal parameters may not be reliable. The aim of this study was to assess placental thickness as a sonographic index f...

Efficacy of Infra-Red Radiation Therapy in the Management of Non-Specific Chronic Lowback Pain

ABSTRACT  Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder which is a cause for functional disability among the working population with a negative psychological impact. Treatment for CLBP may be drugs and physical therapy. Infrared radiation therapy (IRR) is a physical therapy modality used in CLBP that has not been completely evaluated to determine its efficacy. The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of IRR for pain relief in CLBP. 48 subjects participate...

Effect of Wooddust on Lung Function and Anthropometric Parameters of Carpenters and Non-Carpenters

ABSTRACT It is generally known that some types of dust impairs lung function. This study was designed with the aim to access if occupational exposure to wood dust from sawing and plaining of wood can impair the lung function of carpenters in Akim and Akai Efa timber market, Calabar. 40 subjects each for both test and controls were used for this study. The test group consisted of carpenters while the other 40 subjects used consist of 40 blue collar workers who had no obvious adverse occupation...

Malnutrition and its Associated Factors among Adults Attending Anti-Retroviral Therapy at Three Selected Hospitals in Bushenyj District, Uganda

ABSTRACT  Background: Malnutrition is a life-threatening condition among HIV positive adults and little is known about its patterns and associated factors in Southwestern Uganda. The aim of the study was to assess malnutrition and associated factors among HIV-positive adults in Bushenyi district, Uganda Materials and Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted at three selected hospitals handling HIV patients in Bushenyi district. A total of 253 participants were enrolled in the stud...

Nutritional Status and Lifestyle Factors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus(DM) Attending the Diabetic Clinic at Mubende Regional Referral Hospital

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is described as the chronic metabolic disorder that is characterized by elevation of blood glucose concentration (fasting plasma glucose >7mmol; or plasma glucose> 11.1mmol/l two hours after a meal) – caused by relative or absolute insulin deficiency in the body often accompanied with insulin resistance (Kartzung, 2003). Insulin is a hormone produced by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas necessary for the body cells ability to utilize bloo...

Comparative Study of Budgetary Allocations to Health and Other Departments in Local Government Areas of Ebonyi State from 2010 2014.

ABSTRACT  This work was on comparative study of budgetary allocations to health and other departments in local government areas (LGAs) of Ebonyi State from 2010 – 2014. The researcher was motivated to carry out this study by the poor state of health infrastructure in many parts of the rural communities of the Local Government Areas of Ebonyi state and also by the insinuations that other departments such as Education, Agriculture and works/environment perform better than health department. ...

Economic Burden, Payment Strategies and Payment Coping Mechanism among Type2 Diabetic Patients Attending a Tertiary Health Institution in Abia State, South East Nigeria

ABSTRACT  Diabetes is a chronic life- long illness that affects the quality of life, requiring close monitoring and control. Diabetics have high risk for high economic burden (direct and indirect health costs) and catastrophic expenditure where healthcare costs are paid out of pocket. This study determined the economic burden and assessed the payment strategies and payment coping mechanisms of type 2 diabetic patients attending Out- Patient Department of Federal Medical Centre (FMC) Umuahia,...

Effect of Seed Treatment with Synthetic Pesticides and Cassia Alata Extract on Field Performance of Nsukka Yellow Pepper (Capsicum Annum)

ABSTRACT  Field experiment was conducted at the Teaching and Research farm of the Department of Crop Science, University of Nigeria Nsukka to compare the activity of Cassia alata leaf extract with two synthetic chemical fungicides applied as seed treatment on the field performance of Nsukka yellow pepper. Four accessions of Nsukka yellow pepper seeds were treated with Apron plus 50 Ds (34% furathiocarb + 10% metalaxyl + 6% carboxine) and Thiram (tetramety1 thioperoxydicarbonic diamide) each ...

Comparative Analysis of Patients’ and Nurses’ Perceptions of Nurse Caring Behaviours in Two Tertiary Hospitals in Jos

ABSTRACT  The purpose of this study was to comparatively assess patients’ and nurses’ perceptions of nurse caring behaviours in Jos University Teaching hospital (JUTH) and Plateau State Specialist Hospital (PSSH) Jos. A cross-sectional descriptive survey design was employed to study 332 patients and nurses. No sampling was done as all the subjects who met the inclusion criteria were included in the study. Data were collected using a modified Caring Behavior Assessment questionnaire (CBA-...

Measurement of Complete Blood Count (CBC) in alcohol consumer – Khartoum 2014

Abstract This is a prospective case control study to investigate the effect of alcohol consumption on complete blood count (CBC) of alcohol consumers in Khartoum State from April to July 2014.The participants were 80 apparently healthy adult males; 50 of them are alcohol consumers and 30 are non-alcoholic (control).Their age was (41 ±7.3years).A questionnaire was constructed to obtain information about the participants after an informed verbal consent from all the participants. Ethical appr...


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