Medical & Health Sciences

Research Papers/Topics in Medical & Health Sciences

Factors Influencing Substance Abuse Among Undergraduate Students of Polytechnic Ibadan

ABSTRACT Introduction: From the beginning of time, drugs have been used in every society as human being search for substance that would sustain and protect them and also act on the nervous system to produce pleasurable sensation, santrock (2005). Undergraduate students are the most susceptible to drug use amongst different youth groups in Nigeria because most of them live outside the watch of their parents or guardian (Adeyemo, Ohaeri, Okpala, Oghale, 2016). These perceived norms moti...

Longevity of conventional GIC versus compomers in primary teeth [October 14, 2018]

Search result: Four clinical studies concerning restorations were found.Clinical outcomes: The results indicate no difference in the success rate between both types of material if high-viscosity GIC was compared against Compomers. [‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clinical evidence but are limited in the number of databases searched, as well as th...

Survival rate of ART restorations with high-viscosity GIC versus conventional RM-GIC [October 13, 2018]

Search result: Only two clinical studies concerning restorations were found.Clinical outcomes: The results indicate no difference in the survival rate after 12 and 24 months. [‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clinical evidence but are limited in the number of databases searched, as well as the assessment of precision and internal validity of resu...

Retention of conventional GIC versus RM-GIC restorations [October 13, 2018]

Search result: There is still a lack of studies to this topic and only two clinical studies concerning restorations were found.Clinical outcomes: The results indicate no difference in the retention rate after 12 and 42 months in Class V and Class II restorations, respectively. [‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clinical evidence but are limited in t...

The current evidence for caries prevention and treatment in xeriostomic patients [October 11, 2018]

Search result: Ten controlled clinical studies relevant to the topic were found.Clinical outcomes: The results indicate:-               GIC/RM-GIC have higher caries-preventive effects than composite/amalgam in cases were no additional fluoride was provided to patients have been shown; -               Topical fluoride is indicated as caries-preventive...

Retention of GIC versus Amalgam as restorations [October 11, 2018]

Search result: There is still a lack of studies to this topic and only two clinical studies concerning restorations in the primary dentition were found.Clinical outcomes: The results of (conventional) high-viscosity GIC indicate no difference to amalgam while, low-viscosity GIC perform significantly worse than amalgam. [‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over ex...

Longevity of resin-modified GIC versus compomers in primary teeth [October 10, 2018]

Search result: Only three clinical studies were found.Clinical outcomes: The results indicate no difference in the longevity between both types of materials. [‘Preliminary Systematic Literature Searches’ are based on SYSTEM’s periodic systematic searches of the dental literature and provide first overviews over existing clinical evidence but are limited in the number of databases searched, as well as the assessment of precision and internal validity of results and thus do no...

PREVALENCE, KNOWLEDGE AND ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS OF CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE IN HIV-INFECTED ADULTS ON HIGHLY ACTIVE ANTI-RETROVIRAL THERAPHY (HAART) IN OGUN-STATE. NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains one of the complications of Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among individuals on antiretroviral medication. This study aimed to determine the prevalence, Knowledge and associated risk factors of CKD among Ogun-state Indigenes with HIV on antiretroviral medications Materials and Methods: This was a hospital-based descriptive cross-sectional study involving 203 previously diagnosed HIV-infected patients on HAART treatment ...

DECOMPOSITION ON ANALYSIS OF DETERMINANTS AND CHANGE IN FERTILITY IN NIGERIA: 2003-2013

ABSTRACT Introduction: High fertility has now been identified as threat to public health because of its negative effect on maternal and child health. Globally, human population is increasing at an average rate of 1.1% per year and it has been predicted that it will be about 9.6 billion by year 2050 (Debebe, Limenih, and Biadgo 2017). In Nigeria, high population growth rate has been identified in many studies as one of the major causes of maternal and child mortality. Several multivariate tec...

Factors influencing drug regimen compliance among Diabetes patients in Asubiaro state Hospital Osogbo, Osun state

ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION This study assessed the factors influencing drug regimen compliance among diabetes patient Asubiaro State hospital Osogbo in Osun State. The objective of the study was to assess the factors influencing drug regimen compliance among diabetes patient. METHODOLOGY A descriptive design was employed for the study. Convenient sampling technique( one hundred and twenty samples was used) and a self-administered semi structure questionnaire was used to gather informat...

MECHANISM OF DIAPEDESIS

Diapedesis is the means by which cells cross the walls of intact vessels. For those interested in assessing new methods for cancer therapy, I believe there are great strides to be accomplished if more efforts are concentrated on this phenomenon.CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 9CHAPTER   TWO:  ADVANCEMENTS   IN   DIAPEDESIS,   THE   PRECEEDING   STEPSAND HOW THEY ARE REGULATED 112.0.1 ADVANCEMENTS IN DIAPEDESIS 112.0.2 CLONING 122.0.2....

SIWES- A TECHNICAL REPORT ON STUDENT INDUSTRIAL WORK EXPERIENCE HELD AT NIGERIA POLICE HOSPITAL AREA 1 SECTION 1 GARKI, ABUJA

This is a technical report on my Industrial training experience. I believe it will be useful to all students especially those writing their SIWES reports and again most especially for students in the medical line. it contains guidelines for many of the tests performed at the medical laboratory.

INTERACTION OF THE REPRODUCTIVE AXIS WITH ENERGY BALANCE

this paper explains the relationship between the reproductive axis (Hypothalamo-pituitary-gonad axis) and reproduction. A practical application of this work is how on stress can affect fertility. it has been found that women exposed to stress, both physical and psychological have altered sexual cycles and even anovulatory cycles.

BLOOD GLUCOSE AND URINALYSIS IN THE THREE TRIMESTERS OF PREGNANCY

ABSTRACTPregnancy is associated with significant physiologic and anatomic changes which occur at different rates throughout the body to provide a good upshot for both mother and foetus. This study aimed at determining the changes in the blood glucose levels in the three trimeers of pregnancy and assessing the changes in the urine constituents with respect to the blood glucose status. 90 pregnant women, 30 for each trimester were used and 30 non pregnant, age-matched subjects were used as the ...

THE PHYSIOLOGY OF BREASTFEEDING AND MILK LET DOWN

INTRODUCTIONBreast feeding is the act of feeding an infant or a young child with breast milk directly from the female human breasts (Lauralee, 2013).The female reproductive system supports the new being from the moment of conception through gestation and continues to nourish it during its early life outside the supportive uterine environment. During gestation, under the influence of the hormonal environment present, the mammary glands  develop the internal glandular structure and function ne...


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