Medical & Health Sciences

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Medical & Health Sciences Research Papers/Topics

Relationship between Problematic Smartphone Use and Social Anxiety among University Students: A Case of United States International University-Africa

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to establish the relationship between problematic smartphone use and social anxiety among United States International University-Africa students. The objectives of the study were: to determine gender differences in relation to problematic smartphone use; to assess the levels of social anxiety among university students; and to establish whether there was a relation between problematic smartphone use and social anxiety among university students. Self-det...

Peacebuilding From Below: Contributions of Local Peace Infrastructures in Land - Based Conflicts - Case of Turkana County 2012-2020

Abstract: Departing from the now widely criticized approach of liberal peace, taking Turkana County in Kenya as a case study, this thesis investigates the contributions of peace building from below, with a focus on how land-based conflicts are addressed in light of oil discovery in Lokichar sub county. The study looks at the now embraced approach of peacebuilding from below in order to situate the everyday realities of peacebuilders on the ground. Key findings of the study revealed that majo...

Depression among Patients on Hemodialysis in Kiambu County

Abstract: Depression is among the commonest mental disorders seen in medical practice. Although its estimates indicating the same vary due to the measurement criteria used, at least 25% of those experiencing health problems and more so on hemodialysis are likely to suffer from depression. A diagnosis of depression is associated with diminished health status and lower quality of life persisting over time. Depression among hemodialysis patients may complicate the treatment and influence non ad...

The Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Depression among Individuals with Acquired Brain Injury

Abstract: Over the years, depression has become a global health concern and a large contributor to the global burden of disease. Depression is now a leading cause of disability worldwide, with current estimates of ova 264 million people of all ages. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based psychological intervention that is effective for depression. The likelihood of major depression in brain injury patients is up to 8 times higher than that in the general population. Despite ...

To establish the Relationship between Sports Betting and Youth Intrapersonal Conflicts in Ruiru Sub County, Kiambu County, Kenya

Abstract: While the gambling industry has brought with it employment and revenue in Kenya, it has also contributed to challenges such as mental health problems especially among the youth which are rampant throughout the country. The study thus sought to establish the relationship between youth betting and interpersonal conflicts such as depression among the youth of Ruiru Sub County. The specific objectives were to establish opinions of youth on sport betting, to determine betting factors th...

Perceived Barriers and Facilitators of Mental Health Treatment- Seeking among University Students in Nairobi County

Abstract: As many as 30% of university students have a mental health problem (Said, Kypri Bowman. 2013), and yet only two thirds seek treatment (Eisenberg et al., 2011). Owing to a shortage of Kenyan studies, gaps in service access in the university student population are not properly understood. Using a qualitative, exploratory approach, the present study was aimed at investigating university students' intentions to seek vestment for mental health problems, as well as explore their perceive...

Boko Haram’s Insurgency and Nigeria’s Relations with the United States of America 2009-2016

Abstract: The study sought to examine Boko Haram’s insurgency and Nigeria’s relations with; the United States, the work was divided into five chapters. The study was guided by the following research questions: How did Boko Haram insurgency shape Nigeria’s international image? How did insurgency of Boko Haram influence Nigeria -United States of America security relations? To what level does insurgency of the Boko Haram affect trade relations between Nigeria and the United States of Amer...

The Relationship between Parenting Styles and Conduct Disorder among Children in Dagoretti Girls’ and Kabete Boys’ Rehabilitation Schools.

Abstract: Adolescence stage is when an individual is in the transitional years from a child to and adult. This stage marks the onset of cognitive, physical and emotional changes therefore a very important time for the child as they try to answer the question who they are and who they want to be in future. Parental love care and supervision is very important to the child because they start question rules and defy them at this stage. The manner in which the parent raise their child determines ...

Attitudes towards Mental Health among United States International University Africa Students

Abstract: Stigma and discrimination are serious problems faced by individuals with mental health problems, and may prevent these individuals from seeking the treatment they need. The present study aimed to examine the attitudes held by USIU-A students towards mental health problems. Data were collected from classes in various courses, at both undergraduate and graduate levels, at the university, including Journalism, International Business Administration, International Relations, and Psychol...

Psychosocial Determinants of Self Efficacy: A Review of Parenting Styles, Cultural Orientation and Learning Environments

Abstract: The beliefs that individuals carry about their ability to succeed at particular tasks and achieve desired goals (self-efficacy) determine their approach to life. These beliefs are formed during childhood and continue into adulthood. They are influenced by a various factors and experiences in a person‟s life. The current study examined the relationship between self-efficacy and three psychosocial factors: parenting styles, learning environments and cultural orientation. The sample...

The Association between Verbal Fluency Deficits, Depression, And Quality of Sleep among Alzheimer ’s disease Patients

Abstract: Alzheimer’s disease represents a growing health challenge in the elderly population across the globe. The disease is associated with negative implications on survival, cost-of-care, and quality-of-life (World Alzheimer Report, 2015). Of the various debilitating cognitive symptoms associated with Alzheimer’s disease, language deficits are associated with much greater clinical relevance because of its interference with aspects such as self-care, recreational activities, employmen...

Genderizing War: The Impact of the Civil War on the Women of Upper Nile State in South Sudan

Abstract: This study examines the nexus between the impact of the civil war and the discovery of oil, on the women and girls of Melut County in Upper Nile State in South Sudan. The study assesses the atrocities committed by the combatants, especially those that qualify as acts of genocide and the correlations to oil wealth. The recurrent armed conflict in the Melut Basin has turned the whole country against itself, without external aggression. Of a particular interest to this study is the vi...

A Study on Academic Motivation of University Students

Abstract: Integrative approaches toward the study of academic motivation suggest that motivation encompasses both adaptive and maladaptive cognitive and behavioral dimensions, therefore drawing upon key influential theoretical perspectives; including self-efficacy theory, achievement goal theory and self-determination theory, in its research. This research used the Academic Motivation scale as well as Rosenberg’s self-esteem scale as a primary source of data collection. Quantitative data a...

The Effects of Parental Divorce on Adolescents: A Focus on the Dimensions of the Wellness Model

Abstract: This study sought to examine the effect of parental divorce on adolescents while focusing on the dimensions of the wellness model. A sample of 100 adolescents was purposively selected for the study. The data collection instrument was a questionnaire. After data had been collected, data analysis was done in order to answer the research questions. The research findings and conclusions on the effect of parental divorce is on the well-being of adolescents will be reported. The study re...

The Nexus between Corporate Governance and Foreign Direct Investment: Comparative Study of Kenya and South Africa

Abstract: A weak corporate governance system has adverse effects on foreign direct investment trends. Losses on the stock market for both domestic and international investors has been caused by corporate governance malpractices. When this state of affairs is coupled with a hostile business environment, the investors are deterred. The study set out to identify the corporate governance framework in Kenya and South Africa. It was also carried out to explore the extent to which corporate governa...


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